US mobilization of the Industry

During WWI

Effects at home

During WWI many things had to be changed to help the war effort. Three government agencies were created and the Selective Service Act (allowed the government to conscript selected people to increase the size of the army) was introduced in 1917, shortly after the war began. Women began to get access to high paying manufacturing jobs, African Americans began migrating north for job opportunities. Propaganda became a part of everyday life. Poster encouraging signing up for the army were put up in every town, encouraging ads were heard on every radio and the movie theaters were filled with movies explaining the positives of military life.

Changes at home.

During the war, over 6 million African Americans migrated north from rural locations to huge northern cities. Not only did they leave to find better job opportunities, they also left to escape the ever-lingering presence of racially motivated hatred. The cities of Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland and New York saw the most increases in black population during the early period of the 20th century. Women had changing positions in society as well. With the men gone to war, the women worked in factories making weapons and other tools of war to help the war effort and provide a better living for their families.