Athens

by C Remick

"A great city, whose image dwells in the memory of man, is the type of some great idea. Rome represents conquest; Faith hovers over the towers of Jerusalem; and Athens embodies the pre-eminent quality of the antique world, Art."

~ Benjamin Disraeli

Who

Where

Why

Athens was an extremely important city in world history. The city was a center for art and literature. Athenians placed a significance on these subjects, and many renowned artists and authors emerged from Athens. Alexis, Apollodorus, Philemon, Phidias, and Paxiteles were some of them. Athens wasn't only eminent for their arts, but also for establishing one of the first democracies, which was formed by Solon, Cleisthines, and Ephialtes in 508 B.C.
Athenian Democracy - Solon and Cleisthenes

When

700-595 Eupatrid Oligarchy At first Athens was ruled by kings and queens, but soon an oligarchy took the monarchy's place.

595-509 Solon and tyranny Tyrants were common in Ancient Greece, but tyrants weren't always bad.

508-491 The founding of democracy Solon, Cleisthines, and Ephialtes were the founders of Athenian democracy. This new form of government was established 508 B.C.

490-479 The Persian Wars This event in Athenian history involved a series of wars fought between 492 and 449. Greece was victorious in battle.

478-462 Delian League The Delian League was an association of about 150 Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens.

429-404 The Peloponnesian War Pericles died from an outbreak of plague during this period, and Athens and Sparta agreed to a truce to cease fighting.

321-146 Macedonian and Roman domination Rome and Macedonia defeated Greece, but Greece's conquerers adapted Greek customs.