Reconstruction of the US

Griffin Gagne

How free were African Americans following Reconstruction?

Following the reconstruction of the south, African Americans did not have very much freedom even though they were promised it because slavery was not completely gone; if they wanted to be free it came with a price

Fredrick Douglass speech on September 24, 1883

  • The color line in America
  • This speech was about the solution for the reconstruction of the civil war after the confederates surrendered
  • "Through the colored man is no longer subject to be bought and sold, he is still surrounded by an adverse sentiment which fetters all his movements" (Fredrick Douglas "The Color Line in America")
  • Even though African Americans were not slaves anymore and could not be bought and sold they still are not free, they are restricted.

John E. Bruce Speech in 1889

  • The Plea for Organized Resistance to White men
  • This speech was intended to all the freed African Americans to make them stand up for there economic, social, and political right in society
  • "The man who takes his life in his hands and stands up for what he knows to be right will always command the respect of his enemy's" ( John E. Bruce "The Plea for Organized Resistance to White Men")
  • If the African American people want to get treated like white people and try to be equal to them then they would need to stand up and try to fight for it, it wont be handed to you

Booker T. Washington's Speech in 1895

  • The Road to African American Progress
  • He gives this speech because he wants to increase the responsibilities for the African Americans rather than rights
  • "Not only this but the opportunity here afforded will awaken among us a new industry of industrial progress" (Booker T. Washington "The Road to African American Progress")
  • With slaves being free, they need a job to be able to pay for the food they eat and to find a place to stay. With more people able to work they can increase the industrial factories and there production. But it was hard because they still were not equal to white American

What They Have in Common

All these three Influential people were spokesmen for African Americans in there pursuit to be free and be equal to everyone else.

Work Cited

  • "Frederick Douglass: The Color Line in America (1883)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web ,.06 Oct. 2014.
  • "John E. Bruce : African American Plea for Organized Resistance to White men (1889)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web ,.06 Oct. 2014.
  • "Booker T. Washington: The Road to African American Progress(1895) ". Encyclopedia Britannica Online Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web ,.06 Oct. 2014.
  • Bruce, John E. ""Reasons Why the Colored American Should Go to Africa" | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed." (1877) John E. Bruce, "Reasons Why the Colored American Should Go to Africa" | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2014.
  • "Frederick Douglass." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.
  • "Booker T. Washington Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2014