Asia Unit

Keionah Moore

Japan and its Culture

Japan is part of Eastern Asia, outside of China and South Korea. Japan has an Unitary state, constitutional monarchy, parliamentary system government type. Shinto and Buddhism are the two major religions followed. There are twelve major aspects to Japanese culture: cherry blossoms, theatre, samurai, manga & anime, food & drinks: sushi, sake, beer.

Tanka and Haiku

A haiku is a Japanese poem that consists of five syl in the first line, seven syl in the second line, and five syl in the last line. Most haikus that we come across are rather short but there are linked haikus that have the 5-7-5 stanza but four of them.

Haiku

Basho's Death Poem

Sick on my journey,

only my dreams will wander

these desolate moors

`Matsuo Basho


Tanka is a form of a Japanese poem. The haiku originally came from the tanka. A tanka is a 5-7-5-7-7 syl poem.

Tanka

On the football field

We march with all of our might

Marching band is life

We all practice in the sun

To perform our music at night

` Keionah Moore

Indian culture - transition from british colonialism & culture

India's culture is the worlds oldest, considering that India began 4,500 years ago. India has 28 states and seven territories. There is no official language. Most people believe that Indians speak Hindi but 59% of other people speak Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, and Urdu. India is known as the birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism. Indian food is influenced by other countries. They are known for their herbs and spices. Wheat, Basmati rice and pulses with chana are important parts of Indian cuisine. Many Hindus are vegetarian (20-40%) - though, many people eat chicken and lamb. Many Indian food is eaten with fingers or you use bread as utensils.


Britan took over India in 1947.

GoPro: HOLI Festival of Color (Slow Motion) 2014

Siddartha - important quotes, motifs, and symbols

Within the first chapter of Siddhartha, Siddhartha decides to go out on a Self journey to find out who he really is.

Culture about China

China is one of the world's four most ancient civilizations. More than 1 billion people live there with 56 ethnic minority groups. The Chinese Communist party is known to be Atheist, though they are becoming more aware of other religions. There are five major religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Prostestantism. Any other religion than those are illegal even though they have freedom to believe any religion they want. The official language of China is Putonghua. Many Chinese speak fluent English. The food in China is also heavily influenced by ethnic diversity and geography. Rice is a major food source and element for China. Since the Chinese do not consume a lot of meat, they look towards tofu - main source of protein. The largest celebration in China is the Spring Festival - it marks the new Lunar Year.
Spring festival Chinese New Year - Hong Kong dragons parade 2016

Taoism & Confucianism

Taoism

Taoism is the thought of living in harmony.


Confucianism

Hinduism & Buddhism

Hinduism

About 80% of Hindus lives in India but 30 million more Hindus live outside of India. There are 900 million Hindus, making it the third largest religion (after Christianity and Islam). Hinduism has no founder or no date of origin. Many Hindus are followers of Shiva or Vishnu, which they say is the only true God. Other Hindus look towards the divine Self. In the 20th century, Hinduism became more popular in the West. Many Hindus respect the Vedas (collection of ancient texts) and the Brahmans (priestly class), but there are some outliers who don't believe in one or both of these. The first sacred writings of Hinduism (about 1200 BCE) were focused on the ritual sacrifices with numerous gods who represented a force with nature. A more philosophical approach began to develop around 700 BCE. Several new beliefs came from Hinduism, (Buddhism and Jainism are the most known) around 500 BCE. The different worldview and traditions made Hinduism a western alternative religion. Hinduism may have not been as big in the West as the East but the West still incorporate Indian beliefs and practices (chakra system and yoga).


Buddhism

Buddhism is a way of finding peace within oneself and to find the happiness and contentment we seek. You can develop peace within oneself, kindness, and wisdom through practicing Buddhism daily. A buddhist would try not to harm others and try to live peacefully and gently working towards the ultimate goal of pure and lasting happiness of all living things. Buddha Shakyamuni was the founder of Buddhism. Buddha said that our problems and sufferings arise from negative and confusing states of mind, and that our happiness and good fortune arise from peaceful and positive states of mind.

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