Japan and its Culture
Tanka and Haiku
A haiku is a Japanese poem that consists of five syl in the first line, seven syl in the second line, and five syl in the last line. Most haikus that we come across are rather short but there are linked haikus that have the 5-7-5 stanza but four of them.
Basho's Death Poem
Sick on my journey,
only my dreams will wander
these desolate moors
Tanka is a form of a Japanese poem. The haiku originally came from the tanka. A tanka is a 5-7-5-7-7 syl poem.
On the football field
We march with all of our might
Marching band is life
We all practice in the sun
To perform our music at night
` Keionah Moore
Indian culture - transition from british colonialism & culture
Britan took over India in 1947.
Siddartha - important quotes, motifs, and symbols
Culture about China
Taoism & Confucianism
Taoism is the thought of living in harmony.
Hinduism & Buddhism
About 80% of Hindus lives in India but 30 million more Hindus live outside of India. There are 900 million Hindus, making it the third largest religion (after Christianity and Islam). Hinduism has no founder or no date of origin. Many Hindus are followers of Shiva or Vishnu, which they say is the only true God. Other Hindus look towards the divine Self. In the 20th century, Hinduism became more popular in the West. Many Hindus respect the Vedas (collection of ancient texts) and the Brahmans (priestly class), but there are some outliers who don't believe in one or both of these. The first sacred writings of Hinduism (about 1200 BCE) were focused on the ritual sacrifices with numerous gods who represented a force with nature. A more philosophical approach began to develop around 700 BCE. Several new beliefs came from Hinduism, (Buddhism and Jainism are the most known) around 500 BCE. The different worldview and traditions made Hinduism a western alternative religion. Hinduism may have not been as big in the West as the East but the West still incorporate Indian beliefs and practices (chakra system and yoga).
Buddhism is a way of finding peace within oneself and to find the happiness and contentment we seek. You can develop peace within oneself, kindness, and wisdom through practicing Buddhism daily. A buddhist would try not to harm others and try to live peacefully and gently working towards the ultimate goal of pure and lasting happiness of all living things. Buddha Shakyamuni was the founder of Buddhism. Buddha said that our problems and sufferings arise from negative and confusing states of mind, and that our happiness and good fortune arise from peaceful and positive states of mind.