Demographics and Aboriginals
- Demographics of Canada with comparisons between now and then.
- Immigration rates and its factors
- First Nation situations
- Canada is currently in Stage 4 of the Demographic Transition Model
- Total Population: 33,476,688 (2011)
This is how the population is divided:
22,924,283: 68.5% of the population falls into the working age (15-64) population
5,607,345: 16.7% of the population falls into the child (14 and under) population
4,950,060: 14.8% of the population falls into the senior (65 and over) population
- Population Rates
Natural Increase: 3.9/1000
Birth Rate: 11.4/1000
Death Rate: 7.5/1000
Situation in 2060
Canada will still be in Stage 4 of the Demographic Transitional Model
Total Population: Approximately 52.6 million
This is how the population would be divided:
31,000,000: 58.9% of the population will fall into the working age(15-64) population
8,200,000: 15.6% of the population will fall into the child (14 and under) population
13,400,000: 25.5% of the population will fall into the senior (65 and over)
Natural Increase: 0.7/1000
Birth Rate: 10/1000
Death Rate: 9.3/1000
Canada in 2060 will have a large demographic change
- The Canadian Adult Population will be much different as the last of the baby boomers who were born in 1965 will now be 95 years old, and with most of these people gone, the adult population pyramids will change to the new adult populations. This is the effects of an aging population
- The death rate will continue to decrease as new technologies will emerge and advancements in health care and better medicine. On the Demographic Transitional Model, advancements in medical care begin to develop and beginning on Stage 2; the death rate continues to drop the stages.
- The birth rate however; can differ throughout. Factors can largely affect the numbers, these include
- The Economy. People will have less children if they are in bad economic times. This was shown in the the 1930's when the Great Depression caused a drop drastic drop in births, but in the 50's and 60's; the post-war boom was a period of very high birth rates and gave birth to the baby boomers. If the oil prices rise high again (hopefully) we could have a period of good economic times and we could experience a slightly higher birth rate
- Education: The longer people stay in school, the less children they will have. So the more advanced we get, the more educated people we need, therefore less births
- Ideologies can influence how many children people would want. Lifestyle choices, like how much easier it would be to have 2 children instead of 4, or having a parent at work and another to stay home with a few children rather than more children and both parents at work. It varies according to your ideology.
- According to Statistics Canada, the natural increase would not become negative for the at 2060, but for some period of time after the 2020's, a slight natural decrease would occur and then return to a very slight natural increase of .07/1000 by 2060
- The population however, would still continue to grow thanks to the net migration rate
Immigration and Factors
Economic Total: 65.50%
Family Total: 23.9%
Humanitarian Total: 10.6%
- What is an Economic Immigrant?
An economic immigrant is an immigrant who can benefit or contribute to Canada's Economy by starting or investing in a business, or being a skilled worker.
- What is a Family Immigrant?
- What is a Humanitarian Immigrant?
A Humanitarian Immigrant is a immigrant who receives some sort of protection, these can be refugees or people receiving temporary protection
The Following Chart is of last year (2015)
- Canada will theoretically continue to take in immigrants even at 2060.
- With the current rate of immigration (Around 270K), we will have a population of about 53 million, if we continue to take in a similar amount for the next 45 years, it means that Canada would've acepted a staggering 12 million by 2060 which is amazing.
- People think that Canada doesn't have many people compared to its size, which is true, because we are at 4 people/Km squared (world average 50/km² , but what they don't realize is that only 10% of Canada is habitable, so...
10% of 9,985,000km² = 985,000km²
36,000,000/ 985,000km² = 37/km²
So technically, Canada is actually quite dense compared to the US, with 35/km² .
That means that in 2060; the population density will be (52,600,000/985,000km²) 53/km², so the entire population of Canada would fit into the land mass of Egypt ,which isn't very good, so the ability to take in that great amount of immigrants must decrease by then otherwise the overall quality of life will be decreased due to overpopulation in the long-term.
- Canada is a world leader in the many of the fields such as science, medicine etc. ;this means that if we keep applying that effort in the future, we will retain that position in 2060
- The growing field of medicine will promote better health care and medical technologies which are sought after
- Canada is a very resource-rich country and the government is making well use of this by attracting investors and economic immigrants; this means that in 45 years, these businesses will grow and need more workers, these job openings will be very valuable in an even more crowded world, this means that Canada would have a generally positive economy which is wanted by everyone.
- Overpopulation; the world will have 8.5 billion people, and with overpopulation come a whole set of issues:
- Lack of Jobs
- Drop in Quality of Life
- Rise in Prices
- Conflicts (refugees), Unfortunately, our world is not perfect, global conflict is a powder keg, and all it needs is a spark. Conflicts are in Human Nature, competition against others. Unfortunately, it is not the people who start the conflicts ,but the innocent civilians that get hurt and displaced causing waves of refugees.. Syria is a prime example of this.
- Other Humanitarian Crises-es,mainly natural disasters such as earthquakes, droughts, hurricanes etc. ,these displace many people causing waves of refugees.
The Refugee Situation
Aboriginal Communities Today
- Acknowledging the Past in Order to Move Forward: A Resolution to Officially Reject The 1969 White Paper (Priority)
- A Resolution for a New Approach to Urban Indigenous Policy
- Equal Opportunity: A Resolution for Equal Indigenous Access to Education, Funding for Education, and Extra-Curricular Activities
- A Resolution for Assisting Post-Secondary and Secondary Indigenous Students with Child Care
- A Resolution for Continued Support of Intergenerational Healing of the Canadian/Indigenous Relationships
- A Resolution for Further Inclusion to the Liberal Party of Canada: Recognizing the Concept of Two-Spiritedness
- A Resolution to Negotiate and Implement a Joint-Understanding of Consultation between the Canadian state and Indigenous Nations
- A Resolution to Denounce Spying on Indigenous Peoples/Organizations
- Implementing the Kelowna Accord
- Drinking Water and Sanitation in First Nations Communities
The White Paper Act- What is It?
- Eliminate Indian status
- Dissolve the Department of Indian Affairs within five years
- Abolish the Indian Act
- Convert reserve land to private property that can be sold by the band or its members
- Transfer responsibility for Indian affairs from the federal government to the province and integrate these services into those provided to other Canadian citizens
- Provide funding for economic development
- Appoint a commissioner to address outstanding land claims and gradually terminate existing treaties
The purpose of this was that the Government thought that it was unfair that only the aboriginals had these things but what they didn't realize was that nobody would hire them because they were aboriginals and the Indian Act was one of their few sources of income.
Rose Charlie, an aboriginal leader, is discussing the white paper act
Future of Aboriginals
If the government are able to bring these 10 policies into place, we could see a great leap forward for aboriginal communities throughout Canada. Non-Aboriginal Canadians will be better educated on this subject and will not repeat the mistakes of their predecessors. We could see Aboriginals in very high governmental positions
My Comparison Audio Clip
Canada 2060 by 73rdNorthernMarksman !
The future is great and to keep that future there we need to work hard and be ideal citizens to achieve this future and ensure that it stays great for future generations to have an even better lives.
I believe the future of Canada holds great promise...
“Population Projections for Canada, Provinces and Territories”, Statistics Canada, Government of Canada, 2015/11/27, web, 10/3/16, <http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/91-520-x/2010001/aftertoc-aprestdm1-eng.htm>
“The Canadian Population in 2011: Population Counts and Growth”, Statistics Canada, Government of Canada, 2015-12-21, web, 10/3/16, <https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/as-sa/98-310-x/98-310-x2011001-eng.cfm>
“Section 3: Analysis of the results of the long-term projections”, Statistics Canada, Government of Canada, 2015-11-27, web, 10/3/16, <http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/91-520-x/2010001/part-partie3-eng.htm>
“The Canadian Population in 2011: Age and Sex”, Statistics Canada, Government of Canada, 2015-12-21, web, 10/3/16, <https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/as-sa/98-311-x/98-311-x2011001-eng.cfm>