April 25, 1900 - December 15, 1958
Place of Death: Zurich, Switzerland
Education: Pauli graduated from the University of Munich in 1918. He attended the University of Göttingen in 1919, and the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen in 1920. He obtained his doctor's degree by 1921.
Major Contributions to Physics: Pauli made major contributions to the theory of the quantum mechanics, deriving his exclusion principle. He also created the theory of nonrelativistic spin as well as added to other significant developments.
Pauli Lecturing at Hamburg
From 1923 to 1928, Pauli lectured at the University of Hamburg. He received an honorary doctorate from the University shortly before his death. This unfortunate death came 10 days after Pauli experience violent pains mid-lecture and had to enter a hospital.
Pauli Receiving A Cake
Yes, Nobel Prize winners eat cake on their birthday too. Pauli was given the Nobel Prize in 1945 for discovering the exclusion principle of quantum mechanics. The highlight of this honor was Albert Einstein declaring that Pauli was his intellectual successor.
Pauli the Honorary Professor
In November 1958, Pauli was awarded the degree of honorary professor by the University of Hamburg. Besides receiving the Nobel Prize in 1945, he also was honored with the Lorentz Medal in 1931 and the Max Planck medal in 1952.