The Republic of Colombia

Latin America Project

Cambrey Johnson

Hola clase , recepción para The Republic Colombia.



Colombia's official language is Spanish. An estimated 75% of Colombians are Catholic.Colombia has a wide range of ethnicities such as Mestizos, Caucasians, Afro-colombians, Amero-indians and Jews.Music is a very important part of Colombia's culture. Colombians listen to many types of music, be it salsa, cumbia, vallenato, merengue, or reggaeton. Streets of Colombia anyday can burst out in music, art, or dance festivals and can sometimes be yearlong and countrywide. The photo on the right shows The Barranquilla Carnival in February. Colombia is a country trying to pull itself out of a dark past using these carefree lifestyles and it seems to be working.


Colombia's climate is divided by tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes, deserts and mountain climate; but are divided more through each climate zone.A quarter of the 47 million people of Colombia live in rural areas. Climate has effected farming season greatly. Fish have also been effected by how there has a been a great decrease in fish in the markets, thus effecting tradition. Colombians used to fish on a daily basis, but the climate change made it irregular and now men travel for days to fish.


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This is a picture of Juan Manuel Santos, he has been in office since 2010. He is the 32nd president of Colombia. He is currently 63 years old.


Colombia is a republic with a strong executive branch that has dominance over the government. Colombia also has a legislative branch and a judical branch. Citizens can vote, on certain leaders. Colombia also has Mayors that are elected.

Natural Resources and Economies

Economic freedom has risen 3.7 percent in 5 years and is continuing to rise. Literacy rates for people over 15-who can read and write is a mighty 91.4% rate. Colombia is a market systems and the government encourage entrepreneurship. In Colombia, trade is voluntary. Colombia's economy depends greatly on the exports of petroleum, coffee, and cut flowers. Colombia has also replaced Argentina in Latin America's third largest economy. The poverty rate is decreasing also. 1 Colombian Peso is equal to 0.00042, so if you were a millionaire in Colombia you would only have 419.52.

Environmental Issues

Some major issues facing Colombia are over-harvesting, land erosion, illegal logging, air pollution, water pollution, coral bleaching, and inadequate usage of resources. The government has issued several programs to protect the environment. In In 1973, the government created the National Resources and Environment Code. The main environmental agency is the Institute for Development of Renewable Natural Resources and the Environment (INDERENA), established in 1969.The Colombian Sanitary Code, in force since January 1982, establishes pollution control standards.

Fun facts!!!

  • The name originated from Christopher Columbus.
  • 3000 out of 14000 of butterfly species are found in Colombia.
  • Colombia produces 60% of the world's most expensive emeralds.
  • The have access to the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
  • Celebrities such as Sofía Vergara, Shakira, and Danna García are all Colombians.
National Anthem of Colombia