Dominating Dengue

By: Brylee Klosterman

What is Dengue?

Dengue Fever originated from monkeys, but is spread by mosquitoes. If an infected mosquito bites you, then dengue Fever is transmitted into your blood.

Where is Dengue?

You are most likely to get Dengue Fever in tropical areas like, Southeast Asia, Western Pacific Islands, Latin America, and the Caribbean. You are most likely to get it there because the mosquitoes can live all year long in the warm weather.
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Symptoms of Dengue

Some of the symptoms of Dengue are joint, bone and muscle pain/ stiffness, a fever of 106+ degrees, headaches,

pain behind eye, rash, vomiting/nausea, minor bleeding from gums and nose, blood vessel damage, abdominal pain, soar throat, and possibly minor bleeding under the skin.

Dengue will also affect your hear lungs and liver.

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Treatment for Dengue

There is no exact treatment for dengue, but there are some ways to help it. Some of them include, to stay hydrated, and pain relievers. If you have an intense case then you might need blood transfusion, blood pressure monitoring, Iv's, or hospital care.
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Other Names and Similar Diseases

Dengue Fever has a couple of different names. They are Breakbone fever and Dandy Fever. Similar diseases are, Serotype, Dengue Shock Syndrome, and Dengue Hemorrhagic. There are also four different types of Dengue.

Is there a Vaccine?

There is no vaccine for Dengue Fever because there is no cross-protection between the four viruses. It is a challenge to find a vaccine because it has to work for the different viruses in Dengue. There is also no reliable animal to test the vaccine on.
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Mosquito

The type of mosquito that passes dengue is a Female Tiger Mosquito. They only bit during the day and they breed in the warm and humid weather. The cases of Dengue increase in the Monsoon season.
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Protecting yourself from Dengue

There is no reliable way to get rid of Dengue yet, but there are some ways that you can prevent it from happening to you. Some of them are to avoid tropical places, make sure if you do live in a tropical place to use mosquito nets and mosquito spray.
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Eliminate Dengue Program

Brazil, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Australia are all involved in this program. Dr. O'Niell came up with this idea in 2005. The research stared in 2008 and they actually performed it in 2012. Luciano Moreia is the leader of this program in Brazil. 40 million dollars where funded into this program and there is 60 researchers in 10 different counties involved.

Releasing the Mosquitoes

Since there is no way to treat Dengue, the Eliminate Dengue Program is trying to eliminate Dengue so it doesn't come back. What they are doing is they are releasing mosquitoes infected with wolbachia, and then the infected mosquitoes will mate and make more mosquitoes with wolbachia, then they will bite the mosquitoes with Dengue Fever and it will kill the Dengue.The team will release 10,000 mosquitoes in Brazil every month for four months. Australia, Vietnam, and Indonesia are involved as well.
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Wolbachia in Bugs

Wolbachia is a bacteria that is found in insects and it kills all four types of Dengue. Therefor they can't make vaccines with it because it cannot be transmitted into humans. It cannot be transmitted because it is too big to go down the salivary gland ducts. Researchers say that Wolbachia is safe. 60% of insects have it in them and 2-5 million species of insects could possibly have it in them as well.
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Statistics

There has been a lot of outbreaks all over the world in tropical places. Did you know that 40% of the world is at risk for Dengue? Brazil had an outbreak in 1981 after 20 years of being Dengue free. Then in 2001 there was an outbreak in Hawaii, Brazil, and SE Asia. In Brazil there were 500,000 cases reported, in SE Asia 400,000 cases were reported. There are close to 22,000 deaths a year all over the world and the sad part about that is that the deaths are mostly kids. There are also 50-100 million infections yearly. Did you also know that Brazil had the most cases reported and they have has 3.2 million cases. That is a lot of deaths and hopefully the Eliminate Dengue program will succeed in eliminating it!

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