Chimpanzee

By: Carter Burgoon Period 2 5/16/16

Big image

Habitat

Chimpanzees live in " equatorial Africa". They can live on land or in trees, they can even live in the Savannah and dry terrain(Chimpanzees). In a rain forest, there is an estimated 100 inches of rain a year(Urquhart). Chimps all live in groups called communities with up 120 chimps. A community shares a home range or piece of owned land. On this home range, they hunt and find fruit (Woodward 6). Female chimps get their own land of the home rage to raise her young (Woodward 6).

Movement

Chimps hands are very similar to those of humans, they have sensitive fingers and fingernails, but their fingers are longer. They push together the thumb and other finger to grip tree branches(Woodward 21). Young chimps run across branches, but older chimps are too large, so they swing from branch to branch with their long arm spans(Woodward 21). Chimps can walk on two legs, but they usually walk with their knuckles, which makes them very strong(Woodward 21). They can travel at a speed of twenty miles per hour (Chimpanzees2).

Big image

Body Covering,

Chimpanzees have layers of black hair everywhere except their back end ,face, ears, and hands. But they can have light brown hair(Chimpanzee). They are vertebrates, so they do have a bock bone(Chimpanzee2). Their skin is usually black, but infants can have pink or brownish skin(Chimpanzee). Like humans, chimps can start to loose hair with age(Chimpanzees).
Big image

Diet

A chimpanzee's daily diet consists of fruits, leaves, nuts, seeds, stems, bird eggs, and insects like a termite (Chimpanzees). "They eat fruit for about four hours a day, usually in the morning" (Woodward 10). Since fruit trees grow all over the rain forest, chimpanzees came up with a very smart idea. They split into groups and then different groups went to different areas. They remember when each fruit tree is supposed to have fruit on it(Woodward 10). They usually eat fruit and insects, but they can be hunters, they split up and attack in different hunting parties(Woodward 10). They are omnivores and can even catch monkeys(Chimpanzees2).
Big image

Reproduction

Female chimps know that they can win over helpful friends by mating with them (Woodward 12). They start to mate right when they are ready. They may not be able to be pregnant until a couple of weeks after she starts to mate (Woodward 12). The males know when a female is ready to breed because the females develop pink pouches on their back end (Woodward 12). They use internal fertilization , which is where there newborns, which are called infants, come out of the mother's body live (Chimpanzee2). They reproduce sexually and the competition for the female is so high, sometimes they cannot even tell if the females babies were it's babies or another chimps baby ( Woodward 12). They usually only have on baby (Chimpanzee 2).
Big image

Adaptations

Chimpanzees are incredibly smart. Jane Goodall is a zoologist that lived with the chimpanzees.One day, she witnessed a chimpanzee find termites to eat(Easterbrook). " She saw him push a stalk of grass into a mound of dirt. When he pulled out the grass, it was covered with termites... He couldn't reach the termites with his hands, so he had made a tool to help him" (Easterbrook ). This proves how incredibly smart and experienced chimpanzees are.( Video 3:53 through 4:20)
Big image

Other Info

  • It is one of the closest relatives to humans (Chimpanzees)
  • They live up to about 45 years(Chimpanzees2)
  • "Warm Blooded"(Chimpanzees2)
  • "Endangered" (Chimpanzees2)
  • "Scientific name =Pan troglodytes"(Chimpanzees2)

Works Cited

Works Cited

Chimpanzees: Making and Using Tools. By Discovery Education. Discovery Education Science. discovery Education, 13 May 2016. Web. 13 May 2016. <https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/4BD8A54A-7D57-43A8-A8F9-30DE47A6D2E8?hasLocalHost=false>.

Compton's Britannica. "Chimpanzee." Britanica. By Britanica. SIRS Discoverer, 8 May 2016. Web. 8 May 2016. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000326525#>.

Discovery Education. "Chimpanzee." Discovery Communications. Discovery Education, 12 May 2016. Web. 12 May 2016. <https://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=chimpanzee+>.

- - -. "Chimpanzee." Discovery Communications. Discovery Education, 15 May 2016. Web. 15 May 2016. <https://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=chimpanzee+>.

- - -. "Chimpanzee Eating." Discover Communications. Discovery Education, 12 May 2016. Web. 12 May 2016. <https://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=chimpanzee+eating>.

- - -. "Chimpanzee with mouth opened." Discovery Communications. Discovery Education, 15 May 2016. Web. 15 May 2016. <https://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=chimpanzee+>.

Marcarian, Senrique. "Baby Chimpanzee with Its Mother." SIRS Discoverer. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 15 May 2016. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/picture?picurn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BIMAGE%3BTHM%3B0000163468>.

National Geographic Little Kids. "Chimpanzee at a Termite Mound." SIRS. SIRS Discoverer, 13 May 2016. Web. 13 May 2016. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/picture?picurn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BIMAGE%3BTHM%3B0000158596>.

Susman, Randall L. "Chimpanzee." World Book Online. By World Book student. Vol. Student. N.p.: World Book Online, 2016. N. pag. World Book Advanced. Web. 15 May 2016. <http://worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar111340&st=chimpanzee#tab=homepage>.

Urquhart, Gerald R. "Rain Forest." World Book Online. By World Book Student. Ed. World Book Online. 2016. N. pag. World Book Student. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar458390&st=rain+forest#tab=homepage>.

Woodward, John. Animal Famalies. Danbury, Connecticut: Grolier Educational, 2001. Print. Vol. 4 of Chimpanzees. Animal Famalies.

World Book Kids. "Chimpanzee." World Book Online. Ed. World Book Kids. By World Book onlie. World Book, 10 May 2016. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/kids/home#article/ar830554>.

World pf Animals. World of Animals. Ed. Penny Mathias and Angela Davies. Illus. Steve McCurdy. Danbury,Ct: Grolier, 2003. Print. Vol. 4 of Mammals: Primates. 49 vols. World of Animals 4.