Nickel (Ni)

silvery-white transition metal

Facts

Nickel is located in the 10th group and the 4th period.

Atomic number/Protons: 28

Nuetrons: 31

Electrons: 28

Atomic Mass: 58.693

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Where and When?

Nickel was discovered by Baron Axel Frederik Cronstedt in 1751. Apparently, he had expected to extract copper from a mineral, instead obtaining instead a white metal that he called nickel after the mineral from which it was extracted.

Nickel is a natural element of the earth's crust: therefore, small amounts are found in food, water, soil and air.

Uses and Characteristics

Nickel is used in nickel alloys, electroplating, batteries, coins, industrial plumbing, spark plugs, machinery parts, stainless-steel, nickel-chrome resistance wires, and catalysts.

Characteristics: High melting point, 1453 ºC, resists corrosion and oxidation, very ductile, alloys readily, magnetic at room temperature, can be deposited by electroplating, and has catalytic properties.

Properties

Physical properties: Each can show their own physical properties, but examples are silvery-white metal, primarily combined with oxygen or sulfur as oxides,

Chemical properties: Nickel is not very reactive. It reacts very slowly with oxygen in the air.

Bibliography

"Nickel Metal - The Facts." Nickel Metal - The Facts. NIckel Institute, 31 Jan. 2011. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Lafont, Edison. "I Phone 6 Bending Rumors | Young Professionals Technology."WISH. Washington Intern Student Housing, 25 Sept. 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Winter, Mark. "Nickel: Historical Information." WebElements Periodic Table»Nickel»historical Information. Web Elements and The University of Sheffield, 1993. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

"Nickel Compounds." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"Nickel." - Element Information, Properties and Uses. Royal Society of Chemistry 2014, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.