The World Between 1880-1920

Sherman Antitrust Act

Passed in 1890, the Sherman Antitrust Act outlawed monopolistic business practices and prohibited trusts. This act was also known as the "competition act".

Child Labor Laws

Child Labor Laws outlawed the employment of children and young teenagers. This law was passed under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison. Because of this law being passed, many more children were in schools learning instead of working in factories and not getting an education.


Nativism is the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants. It is also the policy or practice of preserving or reviving a soon to be extinct culture. Its only real contribution to government was the proof that nativism was not Americanism.

Chinese Exclusion Act

The Chinese Exclusion Act was a U.S. federal law that was signed by President Chester Arthur. It was signed on May 6, 1882. This act was one of the most significant restrictions on immigration in US history. It prohibited all immigration of Chinese Laborers.


Nativists wanted to preserve and protect the interests of native inhabitants against those of incoming immigrants. Immigrants came with many new ways of life, new cultures, and new ideas. Many people already in the US did not like change and the influences coming from immigrants.

Counter Culture

Counter Culture is a way of life and set of attitudes opposed to or at variance with the prevailing social norm. It allowed many ideas to be exchanged while it also challenged American culture and exposed it to new ones at the same time. New ideas led to new inventions which helped the economy grow.

U.S. Census Bureau Change

This was the major population change in the US after all the immigrants had moved to America searching for a new life and new opportunities. The population numbers went through the roof after all the new immigrants had moved to America.

Building Up Not Out

Building up and not out was a very innovative way to create cities considering the amount of immigrants coming to America at the time. It allowed for more buildings to be built in a smaller area and gave more people and immigrants a place to live. It allowed more immigrants to move into the cities which allowed for more jobs to be taken which lead to more work and goods being produced.

Melting Pot Effect

The melting pot effect allowed new cultures, beliefs, ideas, and opinions of different kinds of people to come together. This influenced many communities with the way they worked and how they ran the city and government. New opinions being formed lead to questioning about how things were ran. New ideas lead to industrialization and new inventions.

Women's Suffrage

The Women's Suffrage movement gave women the right to vote and to stand for electoral office. Limited voting rights were gained by women in Sweden, Finland, and some Western US states in the ate 19th century.

Panic of 1893

The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began that year. It is similar to the Panic of 1873. It was marked by the collapse of railroad over building and shaky railroad financing which set off a series of bank failures.

Race and Segragation

In this time races were treated very unequally. Whites were given more rights and privileges than any other race. They had more of a say in everything and were sometimes the only ones who even had a say.

Monroe Doctorine

The Monroe Doctorine was a US foreign policy reguarding domination of the American continent of 1823. It stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize would be acts of aggression.

Panama Canal

The Panama Canal helped the US in many ways in the world of trade. It helped with trade between the US and other countries. It made it easier to transport and receive goods from other countries as well and saved both sides the trip in order to get what they needed.


Frankenstein was a fictional character produced in movies, plays, and stories for entertainment of people. The mad mind behind the story of Frankenstein was Mary Shelley.

Farewell Address

Published in 1796, it was a letter from America's first president, George Washington, to the people of the United States of American after his decision to not run for president for a third time

Platt Amendment

The Platt Amendment was passed March 2, 1903. It amended the 1901 Army Appropriations Bill. It stated seven conditions for the withdrawal or the US troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish American War, and an eighth condition that Cuba signed a treaty agreeing to these conditions. It allowed the US to intervene in Cuban foreign affairs and to buy or leave naval bases.


Albert Einstein is known as the most famous, iconic, influential, and universally admired people in human history. He was a genius for his time and discovered things no other human at the time could comprehend. His theories have changed the way people work today.