High Middle Ages in Europe
Harsh, Emma, & Baylee
Explain the relationship of Holy Roman Emperors and the Popes.
Explain the development of Regional States in England, France and Italy.
France- feudal society eventually brought centralized power and authority to Capetian kings
England- founders of English monarchy were the Normans(descendants of Vikings) Norman dukes built a centralized state and were strict with vassals. William of Normandy invaded England and introduced Norman style feudalism and ruled over a much more tightly centralized government that France
Italy- no single regime but a series of ecclesiastical states, city-states, and principalities competed for power and position. The popes had a good sized territory in Italy and ruled the Papal State but were eventually displaced by lay people. Examples of prosperous city states include, Florence, Bologna, Genoa, Milan, and Venice.