The teacher will give an example or show what she is expecting from the students. For example, if she is introducing the concept of multiplication, she will explain to them the concept using concrete manipulatives to demonstrate a multiplication strategy.
Commercially Made Pictures
The teacher can print or add pictures they have found on the internet to multimedia presentations. For example, if the unit is about photosynthesis, the teacher can show pictures of each stage, instead of just explaining with her words.
Hands on manipulatives can be helpful in any subject. These are things that students can actually get their hands on and manipulate to help facilitate better learning and understanding. For example, in math, students could use blocks to help with their base ten learning. In science, they could use a triple beam balance to find an objects weight.
The possibilities with technology are endless these days. There are so many different ways to incorporate multimedia into the curriculum. You can watch videos, use apps, or play instructional games on the computer. Its important to use multimedia when necessary, but not just for the sake of using it. It should have a real benefit to the students when being implemented in the lesson.
Real LIfe Activities
Students should get lots of opportunities to do "real life activities". This could include writing a letter to their principal, giving a speech in front of their classmates about a topic they have recently learned about, or even reading about a current event in a newspaper. When things are more personal to students, they will retain the information better and have a personal connection that will benefit them in the long term.
Bulletin boards can be used all over the classroom to display important lesson information. Anchor charts can be used for math concepts that students can refer to if they need extra assistance on basic math skills. They can be used with any subject. They can also be used to display students work.
Interaction between Students
For students who are learning a new language, interaction with their peers is critical. They learn valuable social skills, as well as educational concepts. Other students can help ELLs grasp concepts that they may be struggling with. Having students interact gives a good opportunity for ELLs to see good models of the English language and incorporate that into the academic setting.
Linking Concepts to Students' Background
Linking concepts to students' background can be extremely helpful because it taps into their previous knowledge on a subject, which helps them better understand the lesson. It also makes the students feel validated because they are getting to express some of their culture and experiences about a certain topic. For example, if you are doing a lesson on climates, have the student talk about where they used to live and what the weather was like.
Checking on students understanding is critical, not only for language learners, but for the general education classroom as well. This can be done as a group, or individually. There are multiple ways this can be done. The teacher can ask questions verbally, or could provide a handout that the students turn in. It depends on the content on which type of check would be appropriate.
Vary Instructional Strategies
Students may respond differently to the different types of instructional strategies, so it is important to use a variety of methods. Changing the instructional strategies will help the students comprehension and keep them interested and engaged. For example, a teacher could use both modeling and a visual representation in a lesson