Chapter 16 section 2 By Beverly


Russia invaded in the 1700s and the inhabitants resisted the Russians, but Russia prevailed.

1723 Peter the Great's generals had controlled Baku

1801Russia annexed Georgia

1828 Russian armies had taken control of the Armenian territory

1870s Russia had taken control of Transcaucasia

1917 Transcaucasia republics had brief independence

1920s Red army had taken control of Transcaucasia

1991 Gained its independence after the fall of the Soviet Union

Important People

Czar's Army

Peter the Great

Russian Empire

Red Army


Early 1920's Transcaucasia was under rule of the Soviet Union

Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Transcaucasia has gained federal independence and still currently has a Federal Republic government


As of today there are more than 50 different cultures that live in this region. Arab geographers call the region Jabal Al-Alsun or "Mountain of Language" Indo-European, Caucasian, and Alatic are the most common families in the region. Most of the regions people belong to either christianity or Islamic faith.


Transcaucasia has a good climate and plenty of land for growing crops such as Tea and Fruits. Grapes are the most grown fruit in the region, because they are the most important. The Grapes are used to make Transcaucasia's most famous wines. Georgia has a very good climate that attracts tourists.The oil industry is considered one of the most important industries in Transcaucasia. Azerbaijan is the "Land of Flames" because the rocks and the waters of the Caspian Sea seemingly erupts in flames because of underground oil and gas deposits in the Sea.