Diabetes: How to live with Type 2

By: Arjun Nag 03-11-2015

Introduction with Dontae Diabetes

Hey everyone! My name is Dontae Diabetes! I changed my last name to Diabetes because it is a condition that people should not be ashamed or embarrassed of! I may have felt like it when I was first diagnosed with type 1, but i have come to terms with it and it is not as bad as it seems.

General Background with Dontae Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is a disease in which the insulin producing cells in your pancreas are destroyed and insulin is no longer made. Insulin is a hormone in your body that helps the cells digest glucose for energy to function. Glucose is what is used to move your body and help the body function in everyday life. Since insulin is not there to direct the glucose into the cells, the glucose sits in your body's bloodstream and builds up. As it builds in the bloodstream serious complications can occur. But stay positive, maintaining your insulin levels is not as hard as it seems!

Your Diet!

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See that picture of insulin? That is a key part of your everyday life now. Not to worry, as mentioned in the General Background, Insulin will help your body. In the beginning, of your journey it is recommended that we take 2 shots of insulin a day, of different forms, we then progress to 3-4 shots a day. There are 3 different forms of insulin that are used to help maintain glucose levels. One insulin is for fast acting for when you have just eaten a glucose-rich food (these are called Faster-acting insulin). Another insulin is for throughout the day generally (Basal insulin), and the last type is the Premixed insulin.

When diabetic we have to change how we eat! This may not come as a surprise, but it is imperative that we eat food on a plan and prepare for when we eat carbohydrate-rich foods. We will look into breakfast, lunch, dinner, how to get the most out of your carbohydrates, and how to prepare for special events with carbohydrate-rich foods.

Breakfast

1. eggs, use nonstick cooking spray when cooking the eggs instead of butter

2. bacon

3. Bread, no butter!

4. milk, fat-free


This breakfast is healthy and nutritious. Even when you have Type 1, your life doesn’t have to completely surround it, only small things are changed. Don't have a lot of fruits, fruits can have lots of carbs and we don't want to have to take a lot of insulin shots because we ate fruit.

Lunch

1. Chips, fat-free

2. Sandwich, Peanut Butter and Jelly with whole wheat bread

3. Water



This lunch has some carbohydrates, like the peanut butter, it is made from peanuts. Peanuts have a high amount of carbs than usual. Remember to monitor insulin levels throughout the day.

Dinner

1. Rice

2. Steamed Broccoli, Cauliflower, and Carrots

3. Black beans

4. Water, sometimes a soda



This dinner is very healthy, except when I have the occasional soda, but this is once or twice a month. Never have a lot of soda, because they are high in carbohydrates. Remember to get all your nutrients throughout the day.

Carbohydrates

Throughout the flyer, we have talked of carbohydrates, or carbs, but what does that mean for people that have type 1? Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose. This is why I encourage people to not eat too much carbohydrate rich food, because then you will have an excess of glucose and not enough insulin in your body and this can be harmful. I encourage to go after fat-free because they will have little-none carbohydrates in them. But there is no way that you can have a devoid less-of-carbohydrate meal plan for your life. They are energy, and people need energy! Eat your grains and sweet potatoes! They have carbs, which are necessary for your function. So feel free to eat them, but not too much! As always you will crave something very sweet or some cake at a party. Next I will tell you how to manage and change your meal to accommodate sugary foods, like those.



Here is a link to the American Diabetes Association, with a list of foods that can be eaten that have carbs and have lots of nutrients.

Special Event Damage Control


You've eaten lots of cake at a party! Oh no! Not to worry, this happens. I recommend taking an insulin shot to help with that. But I really advise that you shape your diet for the day around this event where you eat sugary foods. For example: Your coworker is having a party and has invited you to go. You have said yes and are anticipating the day because you don't know what to do when you get to the party and you have fatty foods given to you, fatty foods have lots of carbs. I would say to not eat a lot of carbs through the day and when the party comes, eat the food happily but anything later should try to be fat-free and remember to bring insulin shots just in case, and monitor your levels.

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Blood Sugar and Maintenance

The above picture is showing someone taking a blood glucose test, a test where we measure how much glucose is in the body right now, a safe range for this would be 70-110 (125 being the point of excessive amounts of glucose). You can test yourself as many times as you want, randomly and periodically, usually do this in the morning, and after the three meals. We want to maintain a number in the range mentioned above. A number higher means that you must take more insulin, because you have too much glucose, and an insulin shot is sued. If the number is too low, you do not have enough glucose, eat something sugary, hello Oreo!

Staying Fit

When you exercise, you burn energy, which is glucose. Glucose levels tend to drop when you exercise, regularly check your glucose levels before, during and after an activity. When you notice trends (Ex: glucose drops during activity, eat candy bar before activity), try to conform how you eat to them. Sometimes glucose can be raised when you undergo activities that trigger the stress hormones, that help release more glucose to give more energy to the body. Avoid these tasks, and carry insulin shots with you. (Ex: Running from bear, stress hormones release energy, more glucose. Avoid bears, maintain normal glucose levels)

Biomedical Professionals

3 biomedical professionals that can help you.

Citations

American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/?loc=bb-dorg

Diabetes Superfoods. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthy-food-choices/diabetes-superfoods.html

Diabetes/Endocrinology | Main. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.benefis.org/Main/DiabetesEndocrinology.aspx

Endocrinology | Nutritionist Norwalk CT | Norwalk Medical. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://norwalkmedgroup.com/endocrinology/

Exercise and Type 1 Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/fitness/exercise-and-type-1-diabetes.html

Fruits. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthy-food-choices/fruits.html

Insulin Routines. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/insulin/insulin-routines.html

L.A's Best Spots for Outdoor Running - Guardian Arms. (2014, July 31). Retrieved from http://theguardianarms.com/l-best-spots-outdoor-running/

Make Your Carbs Count. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/understanding-carbohydrates/make-your-carbs-count.html

Making Healthy Food Choices. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthy-food-choices/

Non-starchy Vegetables. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthy-food-choices/non-starchy-vegetables.html

Ophthalmologist's role in preventing diabetic eye disease. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.modernmedicine.com/modern-medicine/news/modernmedicine/modern-medicine-feature-articles/ophthalmologists-role-preventin?page=full

Sample Ophthalmology Residency Personal Statement #2 | Residency Personal Statement Samples -MDpersonalstatements.com. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mdpersonalstatements.com/2012/06/sample-ophthalmology-residency-personal-statement-2/

Tag Archives: American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://giffordmed.org/blog/tag/american-diabetes-association/

Types of Insulin. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.lillydiabetes.com/Pages/types-of-insulin.aspx

What Can I Eat If I Have Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/

What is a CDE? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbde.org/certification_info/what-is-a-cde/