Mammograms are x-ray exams of the breast. They are most often used to screen for breast cancer in women who have no symptoms. Mammograms and other breast imaging tests can also be used in women who have breast symptoms, such as a lump or pain, or who have a suspicious change seen on a screening mammogram. Women should start getting them at age 40 and get them every 1 or 2 years.
a screening test for cervical cancer. Cells scraped from the opening of the cervix are examined under a microscope. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina. Ladies should get a pap smear starting at age 21 and to get a check every 3-5 years.
An inspection of the appearance and feel of your testicles. You can do a testicular exam yourself, typically standing in front of a mirror. Routine testicular exams may give you a greater awareness of the condition of your testicles and help you detect when changes occur like lumps and bumps, should start checking at age 18-35 but can be seen in boys at 15. Should check genatals every month.
A rectal examination, commonly called prostate exam, is an internal examination of the rectum performed by a physician or other healthcare professional. To check for cancer and is usaully done for men ages 40 and so on. Should be checked every 4 years.