Cotton Textile Machines

By Chris Gothman and Jasmine Hall


Textile machinery refers to a variety of machines used for the production of cloth, clothing, or textiles. Textile machines such as the spinning mule and cotton gin were all either invented or enhanced during the industrial revolution.


  • Cause: In 1779, Samuel Crompton invented the spinning mule that combined the moving carriage of the spinning jenny with the rollers of the water frame. The spinning mule gave the spinner great control over the weaving process.
  • Characteristics: Textile machinery became facilitated in factories where workers could mass produce clothing for companies. The machines allowed clothing to be manufactured in larger quantities than before, sold cheaper than before, and have better quality than before as spinners could them make multiple different types of yarn and finer cloths could be produced
  • Significance: The allowance of clothing to be produced more, sold cheaper, and have a better quality made the change in the textile industry unique from changes even seen in industries today, because rarely ever, are all three of these components increased by a change. The textile industry's new advantage caused large quantities of immigration to cities where factories were and where child labor would soon be facilitated under worse conditions than ever before.