Weather Station Project
By: Seth, Alyse, Jacob, Alexis p.
1. The Greenhouse Effect
2. Heat Distribution in The Troposphere
3. The Wind
The wind can move easily from another place to place. Differences in air pressure cause the air to move. Wind is air in motion air moves from high pressure to low pressure the speed and direction of wind.
4. The Water Cycle
5.Humidity in The Air
6. How Clouds Form
- A warm layer builds up in the range of 1,000 to 5,000 ft.
- A warm layer builds up in the range of 1000 to 5000 ft.
- Arising air currents organize into thermals.
- water vapor in the rising air particles condense to form a cloud that is moist and soft
7. Rain, Hail, and Snow
8. Three types of Storms
Thunderstorms are formed on a hot summer day. The surface of the Earth heats the air above the surface through the process of conduction. When warm air rises and cold air sinks (convection) plays a key role when forming a Thunderstorm. If the warm air is forced to rise it doesn't stop due to the less dense surrounding air. Lastly, it will transfer heat from the surface to higher levels of the atmosphere.
Winter storms receive their energy from two air masses of different temperatures and moisture levels. Winter storms usually form when an air mass of cold, dry, air moves and interacts with a warm, moist, air. The point where these two air types meet is called a front. If cold air arrives and pushes away the warm air, it forms a cold front. When warm air arrives, it rides up over the denser, cold air to form a warm front. If neither of these two air types arrives, it forms a stationary front.
An ice storm is a type of winter storm caused by freezing rain. Ice storms form when a layer of warm air is between two layers of cold air. Frozen precipitation melts while falling into the warm air layer, and then continues to freeze in the cold layer above the ground. This creates freezing rain or a glaze ice.