Dust Bowl

Tatum Radtke

Background

The dust bowl covered 15,000 square miles. These miles had little rainfall, light soil, and high winds. The drought struck from 1934-1937. The soil during the time lacked the stronger root system of grass, so the winds easily picked up the loose topsoil and swirled it into dense dust clouds.

Unemployment

During the Dust Bowl, more than 300,000 people moved to California to start over. Many of these people were farmers who were forced to start over due to the damage to the land. These people who migrated found it was hard to find a job and were left unemployed. Approximately 6,500 people were killed during only one year of the Dust Bowl. These 6,500 people died from trying to hop on fright trains to get to other parts of the country to look for work.

Repeated Dust Storms

In 1932, there were 14 dust storms recorded on the Plains, (Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas). In 1933, there were 38 dust storms. By 1934, because of all the repeated dust storms, approximately 100 million acres of farmland no longer had enough topsoil to grow crops.
People during the Dust Bowl knew to brush the dust off their roofs; however, they did not realize the dust had gotten inside their houses. Many attics collapsed because because of the heavy build up. It is estimated that around two million people became homeless because of the Dust Bowl.