Hepititis B

The Facts You Need To Know

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is a serious and distinct liver infection that is contracted from the Hepatitis B virus also known as H.B.V. for short. It can cause scarring of the liver or even cancer if diagnosed too late, or left untreated. Once someone contracts HBV they cannot become sick with it again. They develop an immunity for life.

Modes of Transmission

Ways that one can become infected with Hepatitis B is through bodily fluid such as blood, semen, or other salivary fluids that come in contact from a person infected with HBV. It enters the body of someone who is not infected and develops into full fledged Hepatitis B. Modes of transmission are through sexual contact; sharing needles or unclean syringes, as well as other drug-injection equipment, and from infected mother to child fight at birth.

Signs and Symptoms

All of the following are signs and Symptoms for Hepatitis B


-Abdominal Pain

-Dark colored urine (dark yellow, even brown)

-Fever

-Joint Pain

-Loss of Appetite

-Nausea and/or Vomiting

-Weakness and/or fatigue

-Yellow color to skin and/or whites of eyes (Jaundice)


Always go into a doctor if any of these symptoms are combined. Earlier detection leads to easier treatment.

Complications

As mentioned above, Hepatitis B comes from HBV. If left untreated, it can lead to cancer or liver scarring. It can also lead to liver failure. Liver failure leads to many other health complications which will permanently affect the health of any individual. Liver scarring comes from the inflammation of the liver from the initial onset of the virus. This affects the functioning of the liver which can lead into liver failure.

History of Hepatitis B

The first identification of Hepatitis B was discovered by a doctor in 1965 by the name of Dr. Baruch Blumberg. This virus used to be called the Australia Antigen because of its origin. Once it showed in the United States, the pathogen reacted with the serum and it was confirmed that Australia Antigen was Hepatitis B. Testing for Hepatitis B was difficult as it would not show in the bloodstream until the Liver was already infected. Dr. Blumberg teamed up with microbiologist Irving Millman in order to find an early detection for Hepatitis B. In 1971, once a successful test was found, blood banks began to use the test in order to confirm donors had blood safe to use. Later on, Dr. Blumberg and Millman developed the first Hepatitis B vaccine. It is said to be the vaccine that can prevent Liver Cancer.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

The vaccine can prevent Hepatitis B, and the serious consequences that may come along with it, if infected with HBV or Hepatitis B. It is safe to be administered by itself or with other vaccines together and/or separate. Routine hepatitis B vaccinations are recommended for some U.S. adults and children. This has been since 1982. Highly encouraged recommendations for children were set out in 1991. Since 1990, new hepatitis B infections among children and adolescents have dropped by more than 95% – and by 75% in other age groups because of the vaccination. It is also said that this vaccination can prevent Liver cancer. Vaccinations in general give long-term protection from hepatitis B infection, and according to some research, one vaccination could last you your whole lifetime.

Ways to stop the spread of Hepatitis B

Practice good health, and safe practices. Get tested and screened for HBV and other diseases and infections. Use condoms for safer intercourse. Wash your hands frequently, avoid contact with blood and other bodily fluids. If contact is made, wash immediately. Get vaccinated in order to prevent contraction of Hepatitis B.

Know the facts, talk with a healthcare professional, be tested, and get vaccinated.

References