India After the Guptas
The Impact of Religion; Indian Society and Culture
Government and Economy of Ancient India
Between 500 and 1500, most Indians lived on the land and farmed their own tiny plots. These peasants paid a share of their harvest each year to a landlord, who gave most of it to the king. These rents paid by farmers gfunded the sumptuous lifestyle, the wars, and the grand temples of the rich and high born. Many people also lived in the cities. It was here that the landed elites and wealthy merchants lived; often in conditions of considerable wealth.
Agriculture was nit the only source of wealth in India. India's location makes it a center for trade with Southwest and East Asia. Internal trade within the country at the time probably decreased because of the wars. Wealthy Hindu merchants with close ties to royal courts carried on most of the foreign trade. The Muslims also contributed to this trade. Sometimes traders from other lands settled in India and other times Indian traders tavelled elsewhere.
Significant Leaders and Accomplishments
- Harsha a great ruler of India from 606 to 647
- Prithvi Raj a ruler of the Chauan dynasty in 1192
- Made precise astronomical calculations
- Invented chess
- Invented kashmir wool
- Ludo called Pachisi originated in India