Guide To Type Two Diabetes

By: Sterling Urrutia Period: 7

What is Type Two Diabetes?

Type Two Diabetes is when the the pancreas produces insulin and the insulin goes through the blood stream along with glucose which is obtained through the food that you eat. After that both insulin and glucose arrive at the cell. The insulin receptors attach to the cell and the insulin fit into the insulin receptor like a key in a keyhole. The glucose transport protein opens and the glucose goes through the opening, but the problem is that there i too much glucose built up in the blood stream so the insulin can not keep up. Another possibility of Type Two Diabetes is when insulin is being produced but the insulin receptors do not recognize the insulin that is being made. The glucose transport protein does not open which results in a build up o glucose.

Recommendations For A Diabetic Diet

When someone is a diabetic they have to balance out their diet so that all of their levels are normal. When your blood sugar levels are low, high quality carbohydrates are the perfect resource to gently raise your levels back to normal. When you obtain these carbs you should choose a food with a combination of protein or a healthy fat. For example beans including black, white, soy, kidney, etc., broccoli and yogurt are great foods to stabilize your blood sugar levels. When someone eats a diet that is high in fiber and whole grains like oatmeal it is helpful for a diabetic because it slows the absorption of glucose from food in the stomach, this results in your blood sugar being under control. Other foods that are high in fiber and great for a person with diabetes are fish, almonds and egg whites.

The Role Of Blood Sugar Monitoring/Adjustments

People who have been diagnosed with Type Two Diabetes need to count, monitor, and adjust their blood sugar, so that they can remain homeostasis. If you do not monitor your blood sugar it can lead to death, but if you control what you eat you can live a happy and normal life. When you check your levels you use a device called a meter. This device pricks your finger to obtain a drop of your blood. After the blood is extracted you put your blood on a test strip that is inserted into your meter, once this is done you wait for your results. This tool is used as a blueprint, so that you can then adjust your blood sugar so that both insulin and glucose are working together and functioning properly. Keeping a log of your results is vital because it helps your health care provider get a better understanding of what is happening inside of your body so that they can help provide information to benefit your well being,

Recommendations For Exercise

Regular activity is a key part of managing diabetes. Any activity that gets your body moving is very beneficial, such as walking, dancing, playing a sport, etc. Aerobic exercises and strength training are the best to help a patient battling with Type Two Diabetes. Thirty minutes of aerobic exercise five days a week helps your body use insulin better and lowers blood glucose and blood pressure. On top of this activity it is also helpful to add strength training twice a week. Strength training makes your body more sensitive to insulin and can lower blood glucose.

Recommendations For Lifestyle Choices

When you are diagnosed with Type Two Diabetes you have to adjust and modify your life style and keep a close eye on certain key factors. Many people with Type Two Diabetes are usually overweight. If you maintain a healthy body weight it can not only help you feel better but it can also be beneficial to keep your diabetes under control. You also need to make healthy food choices. When people avoid fatty foods like hot dogs, snack foods, and pastries they not only keep their blood glucose under control but lose weight as well. Another adjustment that patients need to make sure of is that they exercise regularly. Getting at least 150 minutes of, moderate exercise a week will keep the weight off and your heart healthy.

Staying Fit Is Important For Controlling Diabetes

When you exercise it helps you control diabetes and prevent long-term complications. Exercise makes it easier to control your blood glucose levels. Doing physical activity helps lower blood pressure, better control of weight, stronger bones and muscles, have better sleep, improve mood, lowers stress, and increases your energy levels for the day.

Three Professions That Help Diabetics

Psychiatrist- People who have been diagnosed with Type Two Diabetes can suffer from depression. Once they spot the symptoms of depression such as suicidal thoughts, change in appetite, loss of energy, morning sadness etc. they need to seek help. Once they are referred to a psychiatrist the Doctor will talk to the patient and design a care plan. If the treatment requires medicine the psychiatrist will then prescribe them medication to help with the depression.

Dietitian- Dietitians help people with diabetes because they gather information about their patients to create a meal plan for them so that they can remain healthy and have an idea of what they need to eat in order to stay health and remain homeostasis.

Clinical Researcher- Clinical Researchers help prevent and treat diabetic patients. They research and create studies that are for diabetics to help find a cure and prevent future diabetics from occurring.

Works Cited

Four Citations


Joy Bauer. (n.d.). 9 Foods You Should Eat to Manage Type 2 Diabetes: Avocado. Retrieved from http://www.joybauer.com/photo-gallery/best-foods-for-type-2-diabetes/avocado.aspx

American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Checking Your Blood Glucose (Blood Sugar): American Diabetes Association®. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/checking-your-blood-glucose.html

They Said WHAT About Diabetes Meter Accuracy? : DiabetesMine: the all things diabetes blog. (2013, June 20). Retrieved from http://www.diabetesmine.com/2013/06/they-said-what-about-diabetes-meter-accuracy.html

American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). What We Recommend: American Diabetes Association®. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/fitness/types-of-activity/what-we-recommend.html