The American Revolution


Summary of How the Revolution Started

The American Revolution was a war between the colonists and Britain.The colonists wanted to have independence from Britain because they didn't like how King George the third was declaring stupid acts and putting higher taxes on items.

How the American Revolution was started because King George the third put higher taxes so that he could pay the dept from the French and Indian War. Also, King George the third made sure no one moved west because he didn't want to pay for another war with the Indians.

Navigation Acts

The Navigation Acts was to put mercantilism into use. The colonists had to follow rules in trading goods. The rules were a) only aloud to do business with England, b) certain items like tobacco, sugar, and indigo can only be traded in the empire, c) Trade meant for other nations were to be sent tho England first.

Then there was this thing called the Sugar Act of 1773, in which the colonists had to pay for more costly sugar.

They also passed the Currency Act, in which they get control of the colonial system. Currency can only be obtained through Britain.

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The Proclamation of 1763

The Proclamation of 1763 was created after the French and Indian War. King George the third issued this because he didn't want to pay costly wars against the Indians because the colonists moved onto their and.

The colonists were angry with this so they ignored it completely.

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The Stamp Act

The Stamp Act taxed was passed in 1765 by the Parliament. The act would tax anything put on paper. It required that the colonists buy a stamp for the paper products.

So Samuel Adams created a group named Committees of Correspondence. They told the colonists about how unfair the British taxes are and how to fight them.

In 1765, a group of nine colonies met in New York to discuss about the Stamp Act Congress. They thought only colonial government should tax them so they asked King George the Third to repeal it. Benjamin Franklin went to Parliament and asked them to repeal so it would bring peace. King George had no choice because of the boycotts and protesters.

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Quartering Act

The British Parliament passed the the Quartering Act. The act was was when the colonists had to take care of the soldiers if they came to their house.

The colonists did not like how a bunch of soldiers were at their houses with a blank warrant. The colonists also didn't like to do it be cause it was expensive.

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Townshend Acts

In 1767, they passed the Townshend Acts. The Townshend Acts taxed items like tea, glass, paper, and other stuff to pay for rising military costs.

A group of women called The Daughters of Liberty, protested by making their own cloths instead of buying from the British.

By 1770, the protest worked and the Parliament repealed most taxes on items except tea. They did that to show that they still had power.

Colonists were angry and showed it. The Sons of Liberty continued to attack British officials and tax collectors homes.

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Boston Massacre

On March 5, 1770, a crowd gathered around an angry soldier yelling at an angry colonists. Colonists gathered around and joined the insults being thrown to that soldier. More soldiers came. The angrier the colonists were, the more shots the soldiers fired at them. Some of the shots hit 5 colonists and those 5 died.

So Samuel Adams and other colonists used this to get other people to join the cause by using propaganda.

John Adams chose to represent the soldiers, saying everyone had the right to jury.

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Tea Act and Boston Tea Party

In 1773 was when Parliament passed the Tea Act. This act made it the colonists could only buy tea from the British East India Company. The price on tea was lower but the colonist were very unhappy about it. Colonial merchants refused to get the tea and the Daughters of Liberty continued protesting by making their own tea.

On December 6, 1773, the Sons of Liberty disguised as American Indians and went on board ships illegally and threw 342 crates into Boston Harbor.

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Coercive Acts/ Intolerable Acts

The Boston Tea Party made the British Goverment very angry. The Prime Minister Lord North convinced the Pariliament pass laws. In the Spring of 1774, the Coercive Acts were placed. The colonists called them the Intolerable Acts because they were cruel. The acts were made so the colonists could pay the tea and keep them from planning other attacks.

Some of the laws were 1) stopped trade from Britain and Boston, 2) no town meeting were aloud, 3) Britain had complete control over the colony, and 4) the Quartering Acts were stronger. Other colonies helped Boston by sending them goods.

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