War of 1812

Mr. Madison's War

Background Information

  • June 18, 1812 – February 18, 1815
  • Central and Eastern North America
  • Pacific and Atlantic Coasts
  • United States gave up its demands to end impressment.
  • Britain agreed to leave Canada’s borders unchanged. Also, to give up on trying to create an Indian state.
  • On December 24, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was signed.
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Motives Behind the War

Thw War of 1812 had 2 causes:

British naval actions on the Atlantic.

Americans desire to control Britain's North American colonies.

How it all Began

The War of 1812 started when James Madison signed Congress's official declaration of war against England. Started June 18, 1812.

The Second War for Independence

What Happened

  • June, 1812: America declares war on Great Britain.
  • April, 1813: U.S. troops capture and burn the city of York (present-day Toronto).
  • Sept., 1813: Captain Perry defeats the British at the Battle of Lake Erie.
  • Aug., 1814: Peace negotiations begin in Ghent.
  • Aug. 24-25, 1814: The British burn Washington, DC in retaliation for the burning of York. President James Madison flees the Capital.
  • January, 1815: Andrew Jackson defeats the British at the Battle of New Orleans.
  • February, 1815: The Peace Treaty is ratified and President Madison declares the war over.

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