War of 1812
Mr. Madison's War
- June 18, 1812 – February 18, 1815
- Central and Eastern North America
- Pacific and Atlantic Coasts
- United States gave up its demands to end impressment.
- Britain agreed to leave Canada’s borders unchanged. Also, to give up on trying to create an Indian state.
- On December 24, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was signed.
Motives Behind the War
Thw War of 1812 had 2 causes:
British naval actions on the Atlantic.
Americans desire to control Britain's North American colonies.
The Second War for Independence
- June, 1812: America declares war on Great Britain.
- April, 1813: U.S. troops capture and burn the city of York (present-day Toronto).
- Sept., 1813: Captain Perry defeats the British at the Battle of Lake Erie.
- Aug., 1814: Peace negotiations begin in Ghent.
- Aug. 24-25, 1814: The British burn Washington, DC in retaliation for the burning of York. President James Madison flees the Capital.
- January, 1815: Andrew Jackson defeats the British at the Battle of New Orleans.
- February, 1815: The Peace Treaty is ratified and President Madison declares the war over.
President at the time of the war. Requested a declaration of war against Great Britain in 1812 .
In December 1812 Jackson marched with New Orleans with 1,500 troops to reinforce order.
Secretary of War for the War of 1812.