Sulfur (S)

Azaria Rivera

History of Sulfur

Sulfur was discovered around the time period 500 BC. It isn't exactly known who the first person that discovered it was, but it is known that it was mainly used by the Ancient Greeks. Sulfur is mainly found in volcanic areas by mining.

Fun Facts:

The name 'sulfur' either comes from the Sanskrit word sulvere or the Latin word sulfurium. It is also referred to as brimstone, which means burning stone, in the Genesis. It is also one of the mostly found elements today.


Sulfur is mentioned about 15 times in the bible and is known for destroying Sodom and Gomorrah.


There are only four of eleven isotopes that are not radioactive and are found naturally.

Properties:

Sulfur has a melting point of 388.36 Kelvin (115.21°C). It also has a boiling point of 717.76 Kelvin (444.62°C). Sulfur usually looks like a yellow crystal-like rock or a yellow powder. It is a very brittle substance and is low on the hardness scale. It also has a certain smell to it.


Sulfur is a combustible element. While lit on fire the flame turns purple in color.

Applications/Uses:

Sulfur is used for many things. It is used to create gun powder, vulcanization of rubber, sulfuric acid, and fertilizer. It is also used to bleach paper, to make detergent, make cement and plaster. It is was also used as preservatives and fumigants.

Compounds

Some compounds that contain sulfur are calcium sulfur, ammonium sulfate, carbon disulfide, sulfur dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide. These compounds are organic are few of many other compounds.

Citation

- Element Card: Gray, Theodore W. (2008). The Photographic Card Deck of the Elements.

- Elements Book: Gray, Theodore W. (2009). The Elements: A visual exploration of every known atom in the universe. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc.

- http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/16/sulfur

- http://periodic.lanl.gov/16.shtml