The Four Middle Colonies Include:
- New York
- New Jersey
The colony of New York was founded in 1626, and later taken over and claimed by the English in 1664. The colony was founded by Peter Minuit, a governor from dutch, who went on to rule all the Dutch lands in America, he mad much more power than most kings had. When it was claimed by the English it was renamed New York from the original new Netherlands, and named after James, the king's brother, who was the duke of York. Another important leader was Thomas Willett who was the first mayor of New York as an English colony. It was used to settle more land as part of the New World. England used new York as a New World port. The official religion of New York was Anglican and the Church of England. However, New York constantly took the approach of religious tolerance to any form of religion being practiced in the colony by the settlers. In terms of government, New York was loosely based on a democratic government. Every free man had the right to vote for the representatives on the assembly of representatives. The assembly created a fair set of rules and called it the "charter of liberties". The government was fair and just for the people of New York. The population in the 1640s was around 1,900 people. New York made the vast majority of its money from agriculture and manufacturing. In terms of agriculture it mainly consisted of Cattle farmers, as well as grain, rice, indigo and wheat farmers. Manufacturing was all about lumber and shipbuilding as well as iron work for multiple uses all around the colony.
The colony of New Jersey was founded by Dutch explorers who colonized the area, then in 1664 a fleet of ships under the control of Colonel Richards Nicolls defeated the Dutch, thus annexing the land for England, the English then became the dominant owners and leaders of the area.In 1664 Colonel Richard Nicolls lead a fleet of English ships into the port of New Jersey, where Fort Amsterdam was, the English fleet took control of the fort and its surrounding area, giving the control of these lands to the country of England. Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury was the first man to govern the colony under its new status of a royal colony. Edwards’s inefficiency and corrupt nature lead him to be a unsuitable governor for an English colony so he was deported back to England, Judge Lewis Morris became governor in 1738 after showing his motivation for a better colony by leading the trial against the corrupt Lord Cornbury. The colony of New Jersey was founded based on the ideal of mercantilism that was popular amongst the figure heads of the world powers of that time, they sought out to expand their territory past there own borders in order to increase profits and cash flow. In order to keep areas of the New World under their control, the English sent their navy to annex Fort Amsterdam for Monarchy. The estimated population of New Jersey in the 1980s was 3,400 people. New Jersey consisted of Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jewish and others. New Jersey's major industries were agricultural products and natural resourses such as cattle, grain, rice, and wheat.