Michelle C , Sanna G , Josefina L 4th period

The Writing Process

When you're just beginning your writing Task

  • Understanding writing assignments
  • Prewriting
  • Developing an outline
  • Audience analysis

Academic Writing/ Establishing Arguments

The thesis statement or main claim must be debatable

  • An argumentative or persuasive piece of writing must begin with a debatable thesis or claim.
Example of a non-debatable thesis statement

  • Pollution is bad for the enviroment.
Example of a dedatable thesis statement

  • At least 25 percent of the federal budget should be spent on limiting pollution.

Common writing assignment/ Understanding writing assignment

How to Decipher the paper assignment
  1. Read the prompt the entire way through once. This gives you an overall view of what is going on.
  2. Underline or the positions that you absolutely must know. This information may include due date, research requirements. page length, and format.
  3. Underline or circle important phrases.
  4. Think about how you will address the prompt.
  5. Rank ideas in descending order, from most important to least important.
  6. Ask your instructor questions if you have any.

Mechanics/ Parts of speech overview


a noun is a word that denotes a person, or thing. In a sentence, nouns answer the question who and what.


The dog ran after the ball.


a pronoun is a word that takes the place of the noun in a sentence.


She decided to go to a movie.


articles include a an and the. they precede a noun or a noun phrase in a sentence


an adjective is a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.


a verb is a word that denotes action, or a state of being in a sentence.


just as adjectives modify nouns adverbs modify or further describes verbs.


is a word that joins two independent clauses or sentence together.

Grammar/Prepositions for Time, Place, and Introducing Objects

One point in time

On is used with days

  • I will see you on Monday
At is used with time of the day

  • My plane leaves at noon
In is used with other parts of the day, with months, years, and seasons

  • He likes to read in the afternoon
  • The days are long in August

Extended time

To express extended time, English uses the following prepositions: since, for, by, from-to, from-until,during,(with)in.


to express notions of place, English uses the following prepositions to talk about the point itself in, to express something contained inside, to talk about the surface on, to talk about a general vicinity, at.

Higher than a point

to express notions of an object being higher than a point, English uses the following prepositions; Over and above.

Lower than a point

to express notions of an object being lower than a point, English uses the following prepositions; under, underneath, beneath, below.

Close to a point

to express notions of an object being close to a point, English uses the following prepositions; near, by, next to, between, among, opposite.

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