Temperate Hardwood Forest

By : Gladys & Debbie

Introduction

- There a lot of plant in the Temperate Hardwood Forest u can find flower or plant on the forest ground or in trees or bushes .

-Animals in the forest have to get use to the seasons changing , but some animals take and hibernate for the winter or other seasons .

- The trees change color in the fall and the leaves fall off in the autumn and in the spring they grow back , In the winter because the grounds are frozen it make it hard for the trees to absorb water

-Temperate deciduous forests can be found in the eastern part of the United States and Canada, most of Europe and parts of China and Japan.

Abiotic Factor

Wind - Strong winds make branches and trees fall, beginning the decomposition process that returns nutrients captured in plants back to the soil.

Water - Water is nonliving, and plants and animals rely on it for survival.

Temperature - Warm spring months ease the plants and animals back to life, encouraging animal reproduction with the development of new leaves and plants.

Sunlight - All plants need sunlight to survive, and it is this basic building block of life that has formed much of the structure of the deciduous forest.

- -30°C to 30°C, yearly average is 10°C, hot summers, cold winters

Human Impact

- Air pollutants from fuels we burn are destroying , and killing our wildlife and poisoning the soil.

- Millions of acres of forest have suffered from the effects of acid rain.

-Global warming has definite debilitous effects on the Earth's Deciduous forests.


NEGATIVE IMPACT

Because of people cutting down trees for paper ,houses ,ships , and furniture and the forest have gotten smaller . And farmers cut down trees for more farming space its a benefit for them but not for the forest , they will have amazing crops and everything but the forest will never grow back

Animals In The Temperate Hardwood Forest

  • Ashe Magnolia
  • Barred Owl
  • Box Turtle
  • Red Shouldered Hawk
  • Sassafras
  • Wild Turkey
  • Carolina Chickadee
  • Persimmon
  • Dogwood
  • Bobcat
  • Gray Fox
  • Lauren Oak

Biotic Factor

Pathogens - Many organisms are effected by pathogens in the forest. For example, rabies is always a concern in the park.

Parasites - Parasites also negatively affect organisms in the park.

Competition - Organisms in the park compete for resources such as food, water, or mates.

Predation - Any organism that does not produce its own food must obtain energy by feeding on another organism.

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Water In the Temperate Forest

Water it is moved from the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum because of differences in water potential between the soil and atmosphere . The reduced litter content of a hardwood forest generally result in a lower nutrient accumulation in the soil . The important component of the water transport system include properties of the root, xylem and the leaf-air interface .

Classification of the Carolina Chickadee

Domain: Eukaryote

Kingdom: Animal

Phylum:Chordate

Class: Bird

Order: Saurischia

Family: Tit

Genus:Poecile

Species: P. carolinensis

Food Web

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Consumers

  • Red-tail Hawk
  • Red Fox
  • Barred Owl
  • Eastern Gray Squirrel
  • Eastern Cottontail

Decomposers

  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Worms
  • Flies
  • Maggots

Producers

  • Common Dandelion
  • Switchgrass

The Cougar

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