The downfall of Macbeth
The downfall of Macbeth may have had many causes, but the person who had the most impact on his choices and the path that he followed was his wife Lady Macbeth. She demonstrated her controlling, convincing ways many times throughout the play one example is when she was trying to convince Macbeth to kill the king “I have given suck, and know how tender ‘tis to love the babe that milks me. I would, while it was smiling in my face, have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done to this” (Act 1 Scene 7). This shows how Lady Macbeth used her husband’s fear against him by convincing them that she would keep any promise that she made to him and that it is wrong of him to back out on something that he had promised her. Another example of Lady Macbeth contributing to her husband’s downfall is when she was trying to convince him that the death of the king was a good thing and that he had done nothing wrong “You do unbend your noble strength to think so brainsickly of things. Go get some water and wash this filthy witness from your hands” (Act 2 Scene 2). This shows that Lady Macbeth was under the impression that all of the bad things that had happened that night could be fixed if Macbeth simply washed it all away. This led to Macbeth’s dark times in the future because with his wife convincing him that the murder wasn’t a big deal and that everything would be fine and go unnoticed, it allowed Macbeth to push away all of his feelings of regret and not allow him to fully realize what he had done until it was too late for him to deal with things rationally. A third example of how Lady Macbeth caused her husband to experience many times of hardship was her death during the battle. Her death, although it didn’t cause Macbeth to have many emotions, caused Macbeth to have a whole new outlook on life “...all our yesterdays have lighted fools. The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player, That struts and frets his hour upon stage and then is heard no more. It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury. Signifying nothing” (Act 5 Scene 5). This shows that after the passing of his wife, Macbeth began to give up on things that used to be very simple to him. It caused him to have an outlook on life that made him begin to give up. If the death of his wife hadn’t occurred, he wouldn’t have began to develop these kind of feelings towards life and he may have ended up defeating Malcolm in the fight that led to his death. In conclusion, the downfall of Macbeth can be blamed on many things but the bulk of the pain and confusion that led to his downward spiral can be places on his wife Lady Macbeth because of her controlling and seducing ways.
Macbeth displays many examples of well thought out imagery. It was used may times throughout the play to help enhance certain details of the book, and to help make feelings and events more clear. One example of imagery being used in the book is when after the death of the king, things begin to turn very eerie and dark "By the clock 'tis day, and yet dark night strangles the traveling lamp. Is't night's predominance, or the days shame, that darkness does the fact of earth entomb when living light should kiss it?" (Act 2 Scene 4). This use of imagery gives the reader a better understanding of the strange things that were happening after the kings death. By showing that there was no longer light in the world and that everything had been consumed by darkness it helps the reader understand the eerie feeling that all of the people were feeling. It also adds the concern and fear of major events happening in the book.
Irony was used many times throughout the story. Although the author did not come right out and say that the situation was ironic, there are many parts in the book that end up having a very ironic outcome by the end of the story. One example of irony in the story is how Lady Macbeth and Macbeth thought that killing the king would result in nothing but riches, power, and happiness for them, but in reality by the end of the book the killing of the king caused many problems to both Macbeth and his wife "All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter" (Act 1 Scene 2). This shows that if the king was killed Macbeth would be offered many things that he wouldn't have been offered otherwise. Although him being king may have come true at first, it didn't work out near as well as he thought it to. If he killed the king he was promised happiness for the rest of his life, but what he actually received was sadness. From the passing of his wife, to the change in his view in life, to his death.
Macbeth had many different examples of tragedy throughout the book, but one of the examples that stood out the most was the death of Macduff's family. The death of his family, while it may have caused Macbeth a great deal of relief, caused a lot of sadness to many of the characters in the book. The person most affected being Macduff himself. Upon the news of his families passing he is grief stricken "New widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows strike heaven on the face, that it resounds as if it felt with Scotland and yelled out..." ( Act 4 Scene 3). This shows that after the passing of his wife and child Macduff begins to believe that there isn't any happiness left in the world since they had left him. It leads him to also have quite a different outlook on life and his goals shifted, to get revenge on Macbeth.