Save The Rhinoceroses

By Ben B

Classification

Rhinoceroses (rhinocerotidae) are split into five different species . There are two in Africa: the White Rhinoceros and the Black Rhinoceros. There are also three in Asia: the Indian Javan and Sumatran rhinoceroses. The Black, White and Sumatran have two horns but the Indian and Javan only have one.


Appearance

Rhinos have dark, thick skin and horns made of keratin, a similar substance as our fingernails and hair. They weigh about 1,300kg and stand anywhere from 139-193cm tall depending on their species. Their eyes are on the sides of their heads and their mouths are underneath their horns. The white rhino, unlike others has square lips!


Diet

Rhinos are herbivores and eat mostly small shrubs and foliage. The white rhino's with their square lips, graze on grass. Although they attack other animals, it is only for territorial reasons.


Habitat

Rhinos in Africa live in the Savannah and wide open plains. On the other hand the ones in Asia sometimes live in dense forest. What both types have in common though, is that they both like warm climates.


Threats

Rhinos have no natural predators but they are going extinct because of poachers.
In total there are only about 15,000 but the Javan and Sumatran rhinos have less than 100 Their horns are highly valuable and in some cultures are thought to cure things from fever, to food poisoning and even enhance sexual stamina.