Maryland

History of the Colony


George Calvert wanted to found a colony in the New World. Calvert wanted to form a colony so he could freely be Catholic. Life was made difficult and expensive for the Roman Catholics. Catholics were fined for not attending Church of England services. So Calvert, wanting to freely practice his own religion, he founded Maryland. Maryland was suggested by King Charles to be named after his queen, Henrietta Maria. Shortly after the charter being prepared, George Calvert died. It was passed down to his oldest son Cecil Calvert. Every adult that made the voyage to Maryland was given roughly one hundred acres of land. When they arrived at Maryland they were impressed by the beautiful land, and kind natives.


Land in Maryland

The Land of Maryland is perfect for growing tobacco. Maryland's soil is exactly what is needed to grow tobacco. This soil offers an amazing way to start a business, and make a profit. The southern colonies are in good location for farming. Many southern colonies plant cash crops such as rice, indigo, cotton, and tobacco.


Economic Oppurtunities

Maryland offers many different jobs and economic opportunities. You can be very successful farming, fishing for a living, or you could even run a ferry that runs across the countless amount of rivers, creeks, and other bodies of water. Farming itself offers many different choices. You can be a small subsistence farmer, or even a large cash crop farmer. You can have an orchard, a field of cotton, rice, or tobacco. Maryland can bring you fortune and a new career.

Events

March 25, 1634 - Ships arrive at St. Clement's Island, and the colony of Maryland is established.

February 26, 1635 - For the first time, the Provincial Assembly meets in Maryland.

February 1638 - Kent island is invaded and taken over by Maryland rule.

1649- The Toleration Act is passed and offers a new freedom of religion.

Religion

Maryland was established so that people of all Christian religions could practice their faith, become wealthy, have the right to vote, and hold a place in public office. Maryland invites Christens to come to the New World, and have the rights they deserve.

Native Americans

The colonists of Maryland and the local Indian tribes have an excellent relationship. The Indians are very kind and generous. They Natives have taught us about many new crops, and how to live off the land. Life in Maryland with the Native Americans is very peaceful, and worry free.


Slavery

In Maryland you can sit back and relax, and have your indentured servant or slave happily do your work. Owning an indentured servant or can bring you a large fortune because there is little to no labor costs for you. Shipments of ready and able servants and slaves come in to Maryland, and can be put to work. Servants will help save you time and money. They also save you time and hassle picking crops, and working out in the field. When you own an indentured servant, it allows the servant to work for their freedom and rights. Maryland offers poor lower class people the opportunity to come to the New World and eventually gain land and wealth.

Works Cited

HANLEY, T. O. "Toleration Acts of 1639 and 1649, Maryland." New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Vol. 14. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 103-104. U.S. History In Context. Web. 9 Oct. 2013.


"Maryland." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.


"MD History Q&A." Maryland Historical Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.


"Colony Of Maryland." A Brief History of the Colony of Maryland, 1634-1691. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.


"5a. Maryland — The Catholic Experiment." Maryland — The Catholic Experiment [ushistory.org]. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.


"Flight to Freedom." Legacy Of Slavery in Maryland. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.