New Jersey : 13 Colonies

Let's take a look back at the Colonial times

History of New Jersey in the Colonial Era

European colonization of New Jersey started soon after the 1609 exploration of its coast and bays by Sir Henry Hudson. Some of the state was settled by the Dutch and the Swedish. In 1664, it was surrendered to the English.

Facts about New Jersey during the Colonial Era

  • There wasn't any specific religion in the colony
  • Original name of colony was Province of New Jersey
  • Reason for Founding; Trades and Profits
  • 1775 New Jersey was governed as a Royal Colony
  • Colony became a state on December 18, 1787

The Government of the Colony of New Jersey

In 1665, Philip Carteret was appointed as the governor of the Colony of New Jersey. In 1676, the Colony of New Jersey was divided into East and West Jersey. In the division, Carteret took the East and Berkley took the West. In 1682, Carteret sold his right to East Jersey to William Penn and others.

Religion in New Jersey

New Jersey did not have a main religion. It had a mix of many religions within itself. There really wasn't a dominant religion within the colony itself. Though they did have a Dutch Church within the colony.

Economics with New Jersey

New Jersey was referred to as the Breadbasket Colony because it grew so many crops, especially wheat. The wheat was ground into flour and shipped to England. Most farms were 50 to 150 acres consisting of houses, barns, fields, and yards. One type of industry that the colony had was flax and hemp farms that featured the textiles industry.

Social life's of the people of New Jersey

Two colleges were established in the Colony. There was one school in the entire Colony. Women really didn't have a specific role in the colony. These women were considered landowners if they were worth 50 pounds.