About The South

Kendra, MaGyver, Adam, Connor, Tanner, Paxten, and Bradley.

Cotton Kingdom in the South

  • The Industrial Revolution greatly increased the demand for southern cotton.
  • The cotton gin led to a boom in cotton production.
  • Cotton was the South's most profitable cash crop.
  • After the war of 1812 cotton planters moved west.
  • Tragically as the cotton kingdom grew so did slavery.
  • They used the profits to buy more land and slaves which brought more profits.
  • In addition to the major cash crops of cotton, rice, sugar, and tobacco the south also led the nation with livestock production.
  • Over 90% of the nation's mules and over 60% percent of the hogs were raised in the South.
  • Flour Milling was an another important industry in the South.
  • Cheap cotton cloth was made for use in slaves clothing.
  • Slavery also reduced the need for Southern Industry.

Life in the South

  • The old south is often pictured as a land of vast plantations worked by hundreds of slave
  • A small number of less than 1 percent owned 50 or more slaves
  • The wealthy families were called cottonocracies because they made huge amounts of money from cotton
  • The richest planters built elegant homes and filled them with expensive furniture from Europe
  • 75 percent of southern farmers were called plain folk
  • Unlike planters plain folk worked with their slaves in the fields
  • 8 percent of southerners owned 5 or more slaves
  • 50 percent of southerners owned no slaves
  • Poor whites often lived in the hilly wooded area of the south they planted corn potatoes and other vegetables
  • Free African Americans also faced discrimination
  • Free African Americans were not allowed to vote or travel
  • By 1860 enslaved African Americans made up 1/3 of the Souths' population
  • The life of enslaved African Americans was determined by strict laws and the practices of individual slave owners some owners made sure their slaves had clean cabins, warm clothes
  • Southern states passed laws known as slave codes to keep slaves from running away
  • African Americans were not allowed to own guns
  • Slaves worked up to 16 hours a day
  • Enslaved African Americans had a hard time keeping their family together
  • Slave codes also made it a crime for slaves to learn how to read and write
  • On large plantations many enslaved families did manage to stay together
  • Enslaved African Americans were devout Christians
  • Enslaved African Americans struck back against the system that denied them both freedom and wages
  • Some laws were meant to protect slaves but only from the worst forms of abuse
  • In 1831and African American preacher names Nat Turner led a major revolt
  • Nat Turners revolt increased southern fears of an uprising of enslaved African Americans