Bacterial

By Olivia Simpson

Clostridium Botulinium AKA Botulism

*Clostridium Botulinium is the group of bacteria that can be found in soil. It grows in areas of low oxygen.

* Can be spread through food, wounds, or if a person ingests the toxins

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Symptoms

* Double and blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, dry mouth, and muscle weakness

* If left untreated it may cause paralysis. In food borne botulism symptoms can last for at least 10 days

Treatments/Cures

* If the Botulism is severe the patient may have to be put on a ventilator.

* Can be treated with an antitoxin.

* Wound Botulism can be treated by removing the surface of the toxins and using antibiotics.

* Food borne Botulism can be treated by inducing vomiting or using enemas.

History

* The first case of Botulism was in Europe of 1735. It was associated with a German sausage.

* Named after the Latin word for sausage "botulus"

* Some nations produced botulism in World War 2 as a bacteriological weapon.