The Archives War related flyer.

The ARCHIVES WAR, Santa Fe Expedition, and The Texas Navy.

The Santa Fe Expedition

In 1836 the Republic's Congress had established the Southern and Western boundaries of Texas as the Rio Grande--From its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico to its source. This included all of New Mexico east of the Rio Grande, which included Santa Fe. Unlike Sam Houston, Lamar attempted to enforce the Republic law, which would give him access to valuable trade coming from the Santa Fe route, and expand the Republic's influence. Texans went through Indian land, and got attacked, and then food ran low, and then a while later, the exhausted Texans finally reached New Mexico, and a Mexican force easily captured them, and then the Mexicans marched the captured Texans 1,200 miles to Mexico City, where they were in prison. The Texans were in there until the following April. There was one Tejano captured and became the target of Santa Anna's anger, and was sentenced to death, and was kept in prison longer than the rest of the group. He had escaped and returned to Texas. Lamar's Santa Fe expedition was a failure and at least 60 Texans died and the expedition costed a huge sum of money.


In spite of the Santa Fe expedition's failure, Lamar continued his campaign against the Mexican government. He placed Edwin W. Moore in command of the Texas Navy and in September 1841, sent it to the Yucatan coast. Rebels that were fighting the Mexican government had agreed to pay $8,000 a month for the use of the navy. Lamar had hoped this would pressure the Mexican leaders to negotiate with Texas. When Sam Houston began his 2nd term as president in 1841, he had ordered the navy to return home. Houston was determined to cut spending, and in 1843, he ordered that the navy ships be sold at auction in Galveston. Many people that were in Galveston opposed the sale and prevented [stopped] bids from being submitted [turned in] at the auction. The ships were not sold, but they were no longer in operation.


Mexican leaders, upset by the actions of the Lamar administration, began launching raids into Texas. In the spring of 1842, a Mexican force under General Rafael Vasquez entered Texas. Vasquez's 700 soldiers attacked San Antonio, Goliad, Refugio, and Victoria. However, Vasquez soon gone back to Mexico. Many Texans panicked when they heard that Mexican troops were invading. Houston, fearing an attack on Austin, had ordered that the government archives [or records], be withdrawn [retrieved] from the capital. The residents in Austin opposed this move, suspecting that it meant the capital would be moved back to the city of Houston. Led by Angelina Eberly, they fired at officials who were loading documents onto wagons. The short conflict, called the Archives War, ended with the documents back in Austin.