Sun and Shadow

Ray Bradbury

Plot Line

Exposition: Riccardo and his wife notice the camera crew and the models. This is the first thing that happens in the story. The specific part that is in the exposition is before Ricardo really starts to argue with the camera man. When the argument starts and becomes really heated, thats a part of the rising action.

Rising action: Ricardo posing naked is a rising action because it is building up to the part when the camera man leaves which is the climax. This thing that Ricardo does is what really causes the photographer to give up. The photographer realizes he can't take pictures in a place where there is a naked man!

Climax: The camera crew and models accept defeat and leave the neighborhood. This is the climax because it is what the whole story is building up to be. Throughout the whole story Ricardo is fighting for the man to leave his neighborhood, and then he finally gets his way at the climax.

Falling action: When the people who gathered because of the conflict clap for Ricardo. This is a falling action because it happens shortly after the climax. This is when Ricardo starts to return to his normal life and starts to walk back to his humble home.

Resolution: Ricardo walks back into his own property. Ricardo returns to his simple life and the whole idea of the photographers and models coming to his neighborhood is forgotten and dropped.

Every place is someones home and deserves respect

Although the neighborhood that Ricardo resides in isn't exactly a picture perfect place, it deserves respect like every other neighborhood/residency in the world. Ricardo gets so angry at the photographer because they invade his privacy and take pictures of things that give his neighborhood character. For example, the walls of Ricardo's house aren't cracked just to make a good backdrop of a story, but because they are old and weathered. Ricardo knows the story of all of the weathered things on his property, but the photographer doesn't. Therefore, Ricardo doesn't want these worn down things to be a subject of photography. These things are here for a reason, they tell a story.


Riccardo: Although there isn't much direct characterization throughout the story that describes Riccardo, it's pretty easy to picture him as a character. Riccardo is very persistent because he doesn't want the camera man to shoot in his neighborhood. Throughout his persistency he also uses humor. For example, Riccardo pulls down his pants just to stop the camera man from taking some pictures. Riccardo's persistency and humor were two important traits he needed in order to get rid of the photographer and his crew.

Photographer: It is quite clear that the photographer an Riccardo have something in common: Persistency. Although Riccardo's persistency got him his way, the photographer still had a great deal of it. Again, this persistency was shown through indirect characterization. I can tell the photographer is persistent because like Riccardo, he doesn't give up until the very end. He keeps pushing and pushing to take pictures until Riccardo won't stop pulling his pants down. The photographer also seems very arrogant. He comes into a neighborhood that consists of a lot of low income housing and treats it like all it is is a backdrop. I think this sense of arrogance is what really sets Riccardo off.


This story has one very simple external conflict: Riccardo doesn't want the photographer to take pictures in his neighborhood. Riccardo has an issue with the photographer doing this because it is invading and on some levels, disrespecting Riccardo's neighborhood. Even though it is a poor and run down neighborhood, it shouldn't be treated like a backdrop. Riccardo expresses this greatly as the argument progresses. He has much pride in his neighborhood and is very against the camera crew invading and taking pictures within it.


The use of imagery in this story makes things really come alive to me. It made the setting, Riccardo's poor little community, so much easier to picture. For example, when Riccardo walked back to his house and the author said "Now, Riccardo thought, I will walk up the street to my house, which has paint peeling from the door where I have brushed it a thousand times in passing, and I shall walk over the stones I have worn down in forty-six years of walking, and I shall run my hand over the crack in the wall of my own house, which is the crack made by the earthquake in 1930" (124). This passage shows how Riccardo resides in a "worn down" place, but each worn down thing tells its unique story. The cobblestones didn't just become worn down, Riccardo actually walked upon them for 46 years and caused them to wear down. Another way imagery affects the story is by describing Riccardo.

Riccardo's sense of pride

One thing that made this book a good little read was the sense of pride that Riccardo had throughout the story. Although the man lived in a place that isn't necessarily delightful and a desirable place to live, Riccardo accepts it for what it is and enjoys it. For example, he likes the fact that the cobblestones are worn down. He likes this because there is a story behind it, because it shows character. Riccardo has walked over these cobblestones countless times, and he is what caused them to become worn out. This sense of pride that Riccardo has for what he does have, and not what he wishes to have, makes this story much more interesting.