Epics of Homer

By E. Salisbury


Homer is a mystery. He was the son of Epikaste and Telemachus. He was an ancient Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. He is depicted as a blind, bearded man. Historians believe he was blind because of the character in the Odyssey, Demodokos, who was a blind poet. Many theories think that he himself did not write the poems, but a group of people did.


As you know, he is famous for writing the Iliad and the Odyssey. Although, these poems were probably told long before Homer was even born. The Odyssey is the story of King Odysseus' return from the Trojan War, back to his kingdom of Ithaca, a small island on the far side of Greece. The Iliad tells the story of Achilles. His captain thought he was a better fighter than Achilles, so he took Achilles' slave for a prize. Achilles got mad and stopped fighting. The Greeks lost all their battles until he came back. When he did come back he sadly died in battle by being shot in the heel. This happened because when he was born, his mother dipped him in the river Styx to make him immortal. The only body part that did not get emerged in the water was his heel, which his mother held as she dipped him in.


The exact location of Homer’s birth cannot be pinpointed, although that doesn’t stop scholars from trying. Six cities claim Homer as their native son. Smyrna is one of the most popular, but Chios, Cyme, Ios, Argos, and Athens claim that he is from there.


People still study and learn about his work today. The Greeks learned their history from his poems and didn't consider themselves educated unless they knew his poems. We also get the term 'Achilles Heel' from the Iliad.
Ancient Greek Music - Fragment by Homer!