Guillaume Dufay

Composer

Biography

Born August 5, 1397 in Beersel near Brussels. Child of an unknown priest and Mary Du Fayt. Sent to Cambrai to live with a relative who was a canon of the Cathedrel. Church noticed his gift in music and trained him. During this period he studied under both Rogier de Hesdin and Nicolas Malin. At the age of sixteen in June of 1414 he had recieved his benefice as a chaplain. Was on Council of Constince from approximately 1414 to 1418 when the council was ended. Returning to Cambrai he become subdeacon until 1420 when he left to work for the Malatesta family. Here he met Hugo and Arnold de Lantins. In 1424 he went back to Cambrai. In 1426 Dufay went to Bologna and entered the service of Cardinal Louis Aleman. During his stay in Bologna he became a deacon and became a priest in 14128. Dufay left at this time due to the fact that Cardinal Aleman was driven out of Bologna. Dufay went to Rome and joined the papal choir. In 1435 Dufay left to join the Papal choir in Florence. Dufay returned home during a struggle between the Church and the Council. While at home he acquired a law degree in 1437 so he could become a canon. Dufay again left in 1446 after becoming the deacon and the death of his mother. He left Cambrai for six years in which time he composed Se le face ay pale and one of his four Lamentationes. Returning to Cambrrai in 1458 he remained there till he died November 27, 1474.


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Nuper Rosarum Flores

Composed in 1436 Nuper Rosarum Flores is one of his most well known pieces. you may here this piece be played in Roman Catholic Churches in Italy, and/or Europe. This piece has a certain building period where in using the music already being played it builds up upon itself. This was different by having the vocalists use more dynamics instead of adding more instruments/vocalists. This in theory lowers the number of people needed to sing and also focus more on the vocalist. This in turn reflects Individualism by focusing on the build up of the different vocalists/instruments. The second "Ism" is Humanism. This is reflected in the fact that the vocalists where focused on instead of the instruments. In the original there is a small part for couple instruments(I believe it is a trumpet and trombone). I find this piece interesting because it is calming and relaxing in a subtle way.







Bibliography

Brooks, C. V. "Guillaume Dufay." New Catholic Encyclopedia. Detroit: Gale, 2003.Biography in Context. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Nuper Rosarum Flores. Digital image. Firebird Editions. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.