(Luxembourg,France ,United Kingdom)

European Countries

Luxembourg

Government type- Parlimentary form of government with a constitutional monarchy.


Leader and Title- The leader of luxembourg is Jean-Claude Juncker and he is the prime minister.


Limited or Unlimited- Luxembourg is a limited power country.


European Union Member- Yes, Luxembourg is one of the founding members and has been part of it since 1952.


Current event- The tourism fair is being held this week January 17-19 where people from all around the world can see and take part in


Historical political event- Luxembourg co-founded the European Union in 1952


Historical monument- Vianden Castle in Luxembourg is a medieval castle which served as the home of the local counts.


Historical figure- in 1995 Prime minister Jaquez Santer had to resign over a corruption accusations against other commission members.


Population- 531,441 people


Amount of arable land-23.9%


Agriculture- .59% permanent crops and only corn wheat and hay because the soil is so thin


Human environment interaction- Much like every other country Luxembourg's human environment interactions include: Building roads, building houses, cutting down trees, learning how to survive with little water (especially since Luxembourg is land locked, throwing litter,establishing a landfill,and building dams or bridges across rivers


GPD- 57.12billion US dollars is Luxembourg's GPD


GPD-77,958 US dollars per capita


Currency- the currency of Luxembourg is the euro (€)


Exchange rate in the US- 1 euro = 1.36 Us dollars


Major economic activities- farming only accounts for 1% of Luxembourg's economy, it is mainly ruled by rubber and chemical production.


Brands- Luxembourg is known for the brands: Arcelor Mittal (iron/steel),RTL (media), and L'Occitane (cosmetics)


Language- 90% of people in Luxembourg speak 3 languages which are Luxembourgish, German, and French


Religion- The most prominent religions are denominations of christianity which is 73%.


Landmark- A landmark in Luxembourg is the Notre-Dame Cathedral which is a giant catholic church that is beautifully designed.


Cultural foods- Some cultural foods in Luxembourg are: Tiirteg, Rieslingspaschtéit and Thuringer


Music- Main types of Luxembourg music are classical,Jazz and Folk


Location- Luxembourg is in-between Belgium, Germany, and France.


Climate- In Luxembourg summers are are pretty cool, with a average temperature of about 17° C (63° F ); winters are hardly ever bad , average temperature being about 0° C (32° F ).


Topography- The northern section of the country is formed by part of the plateau of the Ardennes, where the mountain heights range from 1,500 to almost 2,000 feet (460–610 m) high. The rest of the country is made up of countryside with valleys. The capital, Luxembourg city, is located in the southern part of the country.





France

government type- Semi-presidential system, Constitutional republic



Leader and title- François Hollande President


Limited or unlimited- Limited government power


European Union Member- Yes


Current gov't event- president accused of having an affair


historical/political event- World war 1 France is part of the allied nations


historical monument- eiffel tower is one of the most popular monuments in all of france.


a person who changed history- Napoleon was a very small but huge part in war history and is revered by many as a war genius.


Population-65.7 million people in france


arable land -33.45%


agriculture- France produces a large array of food including apples, mushrooms, wheat, barley, pears, sugar beets, wine grapes, olives, red onions, figs, flowers, cucumbers, peas, sunflowers, maize, cauliflower, leeks, beans, carrots, cherries, peaches, pears, tomatoes, apricots, potatoes and lavender.


Human environment interaction-In France, people use nuclear power to produce energy. These nuclear power factories also produce a huge amount of smoke and chemicals. They try to offset this by planting plenty of green trees.


GPD- 2.613 trillion US dollars


GPD per capita- 39,772 US dollars


currency- euro


exchange rate- 1 euro= 1.36 US dollars


major economic activity- The most economic activity occurs because of the things they raise and grow (crops and meats) as well as fur trade ( especially beaver fur).


Famous Brands- Just to name a few there is Louis Vuitton, Dior, Hennessy, L'Oreal, Chanel


Language- French


Religion- Roman Catholic is the most dominate religion with about 85% of people in france


Famous landmarks- Among many of the landmarks france has to offer the most well known is probably the eiffel tower in Paris.


Foods- Pizza, Gelato, Teramisu, Rissoto, Mortadella, Spumoni, mozzerela, and canoli


Music/ literature- France has such rich literature that pretty much every genre has been written by probably 1 person, and music wise according to top 40 music charts they listen to very much to the same thing as we do here. but some types also that France likes are: Musette, cancan, and cabaret just to name a few.


Location- Next to Spain and to the right of the Bay of Biscay.


Weather -has four climatic zones: a humid seaboard zone west of the line Bayonne-Lille with cool summers, a semi-continental zone with cold winters and hot summers in Alsace-Lorraine, along the rhodanian corridor and in the the mountain Regions (Alps, Pyrenees, Massif Central); an intermediate zone with cold winters and hot summers in the North, the Paris region and the central region; and a Mediterranean zone with mild winters and Pretty hot summers in the south of France.


topography- The highest point in France is Le Mont Blanc, whose summit is at 4,810.45 m (15,782 ft) above sea level . Le Mont Blanc is on the border between France and Italy, just south of Switzerland, and is also the highest peak in Europe. The second highest mountain range in France is the chain of the Pyrenees, on the Spanish border.The largest mountain area in France is the Massif Central: this area covers several areas of mountain, including the Monts d'Auvergne, the Monts du Forez, the Cévennes, the Aubrac, the Causses and the Montagne Noire.








UK

Government type-Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary system



Leader and Title: Even though not holding much political relevance is Queen Elizabeth II


Limited of unlimited Government: Limited government


European Union Member- Yes


Current government event- The Prince William just recently got married to a women named Kate, this is relevant because after the Queen dies they will become King and Queen.


Historical event in The UK-World war 1 was a major event due to the fact that The uk was one of the main combatants in that war.


Historical monument- Buckingham Palace is the official London residence and principal workplace of the British monarch. The Queen of England oleo lives there partially.


Person who changed history- All of the band members in the Beetles changed history in the UK, Being by far one of the most famous bands ever to live, Having several multi platinum is no small accomplishment, among many other records set by the Beetles.


population- 63.23 Billion people


% arable land- 24.88% arable land


Agriculture- Agriculture in the UK is not very big The crops that are grown in England are wheat, barley, oats, potatoes, sugar beet, vegetables, oil seed rape and fruits. Agriculture provides approximately 60% of England food and employs about 1.4% of the country's workers.


human environment interaction- Examples in the UK are construction sites, man made lakes, and Forrest cutting.


GPD- The UK's GPD is 2.435 trillion US Dollars


GPD per capita- in the UK the GPD per Capita is 38,514 US Dollars


Currency- The currency in the UK is the Euro


Exchange- 1 Euro= 1.36 US Dollars


Major Economic Activity-The UK is the world's 6th largest national economy with a nominal GDP of $2.480 trillion.


Major economic activities- Its main activities are Agriculture, hunting, forestry, and fishing Construction Production industries such as Electricity, gas and water supply, Manufacturing, Mining and quarrying Service Industries such as Creative Industries, Education, health and social work, Financial and business services, Hotels and restaurants, Other social and personal services, Public administration and defence, Real estate and renting activities, Tourism, Transport, storage and communication, Wholesale and retail trade.


Famous brands- Kit Kat, Virgin mobile, BP , Tesco, and Reebok just to name a few of the many famous brands from the UK.


Language-English


Religion- Christianity is the most practiced religion with 71% of people ion the UK being that religion.


Famous Landmark- Big Ben, Buckingham palace, Stone Henge, The London Eye, and the national history museum.


Cultural food- Fish and chips, Tea and crumpets, and many of the stuff we make in America.


music/literature- The UK has had a tremendous amount to success with literature and music having such musicians as the Beatles, Adele, Amy Winehouse, Elton John, and Mick Jagger just to name a few.


Location- to the Left of scotland Across the English channel


Climate- western parts of England and Scotland, being closest to the Atlantic ocean are generally the mildest, wettest and windiest regions of the UK, and Temperature ranges here are not oftenly extreme. Eastern areas are drier, cooler, less windy and also experience the greatest daily and seasonal temperature variations. Northern areas are generally cooler, wetter and have slightly larger temperature ranges than southern areas. Though the UK is mostly under the influence of the maritime tropical air mass from the south-west, different regions are more able to get than others when different air masses affect the country: north-east England are more exposed to the continental polar air mass which brings cold dry air; the south and south-east of England are more exposed to the continental tropical air mass which brings warm dry air


Topography-England also has small islands that are not attached to the country. The UK has mountains in the north and the rest containing mostly hills.