Apartheid

By Kyle Harper and Michael Grasso

Political

There were many political effects on the Afrikaners and non white south africans during apartheid. Apartheid started when British and Dutch immigrants settled in south africa and took political dominance. They were known as the Afrikaners. They had a very well working power system. They took rights away from the black south africans. The black south africans were angered and a group called the ANC tried to sabotage the government system. In response, the national party of south africa (whites) tried to segregate the blacks.

Social

The black africans were socially segregated during apartheid. The south africans were pushing for a petition to end apartheid. Some of the laws that the Afrikaners had made prevented the marriage of south africans. Starting as early as the 1970’s students protested the apartheid. At certain times, the south africans tried to repeal the laws associated with apartheid. Many people that did protest this were south africans leaders and were arrested and some leaders such as Biko were killed.

Economy

The economy was greatly affected during the apartheid. During WW2 there was a lot of factory work and not enough white workers. To fix this, blacks were brought in to fill space on the factory line. Because of this, the government was forced to relax segregation laws to allow both races to work together to be more productive. During the apartheid the government was increasingly isolated over time which hindered trade. This also hindered the economy from making as much money as it should.

Causes

Around the time of 1948, there were a few main causes of the apartheid. Black africans experienced discrimination and segregation during this time. The white national party of south africa was voted in because most blacks were eliminated from voting. This gave the national party a straight shot into office where they started changing policies and laws straight away to segregate the south. The national party followed their beliefs to segregate the south and they were successful for a certain amount of time because of the black not being able to vote the party out. When Nelson Mandela was released from prison, he became president and pushed to abolish segregation.