By Cole Sievers
The Zimmerman Note was a letter sent to Mexico from Germany in 1917. This letter was asking Mexico to join them in teaming up against the United States and going after them. When the U.S. was informed of this it made the U.S. join the war. At the beginning the United States had decided they would stay neutral but after this they decided to join.
Trench Warfare was a new way of warfare in the nineteen hundreds. Trenches were deep holes dug in the ground and soldiers would be hiding down in them. Soldiers could shoot at other armies at a short distance away. Soldiers would spend long hours in the trenches and they got very cold at night.
Selective Service Act
The selective service act was an act that had all men between the ages of 18 and 25 sign up for the draft. This gave the united states military the right to draft men and if these men were chosen they were required to join the military. They had to be between 18 and 25 because they need to be fit and able to do everything.
Tenement apartments were mainly where immigrants lived. These were the easiest and cheapest living for them when they first came to America. These apartments were usually one bedroom with usually no bathroom. They usually had multiple families in one and were very crowded and unsanitary.
Ellis Island was a processing center for immigrants trying to enter the United States. It was on the coast of New York so ships would sail in then the immigrants would be processed right there. Immigrants had to go through an interview and inspected in a health exam. Most immigrants that went through Ellis Island were Chinese.
Chinese Exclusion Act
This was an act passed by congress in 1882. This act banned all Chinese from America except teachers, students, government officials, and merchants. This was wrong of America because they had already let immigrants from China in, so it was not fair for the other people trying to follow but couldn't.
Invention of the Telephone
The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1849. This changed technology and communication in America. It was the first way of communication not in person in America. This was a huge advancement and great invention that helped shape the country and what it would do in Industrialization
Along with the growing industries as the large cities grew the amount of immigrants did as well. Settlement homes were another housing option for immigrants which were very crowded and unsanitary. They were dark, crowded, gross, conditions of living. Im sure immigrants did not like living this way, but if they wanted to live in America that is how they had to live.
As cities became more urban and more people moved to these areas, more factories and industries moved to those cities. When all of these companies were in the city and their company was growing larger and demand for whatever the made was increasing, more jobs were needed. Immigrants were usually hired because factories paid them less and there were a lot of them looking for jobs.
Trust Busting and Federal regulation of Business
Theodore Roosevelt thought strong corporations were good for our country's progressivism but also needed to be strictly monitored. If they were not monitored the government would have no control over what they were doing and would not know if they were doing illegal things or not.
Standard Oil in 1870
John D. Rockefeller would buy out all of his competitors and would ship through the competing oil line. He took over the oil industry and was a huge corporation. Once he got control of his competitors and was on top, he had control of the whole industry and was making all of the money. This is when President Roosevelt's trust busting would come into use.
The 19th amendment stated that any U.S. citizen could vote not based off of their sex. This amendment gave women in America the right to vote. This amendment was fought for by many women's rights and suffragist groups for many years. This was a very harsh and cruel time for women during the time of fighting for their rights. Their hard work finally paid off in
Open Door Policy
The Open Door Policy was the idea of free trade across the seas to China. The United States wanted this with other countries because fighting overseas and getting ships attacked was just another worry and caused more problems with other countries. Getting all other countries trading with China to sign this could let everyone trade peacefully.