pakistan

country basics

cuntry basics

Country Name: Pakistan


Capital: Islamabad




Flag meaning:

green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

Geography

geographic coordinates: 33 41 N, 73 03 E

time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time


Location: southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

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Government

Type of government: federal republic


Leader: Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz SHARIF (since 5 June 2013)

Economy

What kind of money do they use? Pakistani rupee


exports

textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs


Imports

petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea

Culture

What language do they speak? Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%


Major Religion

Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)


What type of food do they eat? Dhal (Lentil Stew)

Climate

What is the climate in Pakistan? mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Compare/Contrast

What is the same in US and Pakistan?



What is different about US and Pakistan?