Canada in the Future: 2060

WHAT WILL CANADA LOOK LIKE IN 45 YEARS?

Will It Really be Different?

In just 100 years Canada has drastically changed. We have had the baby boom, wars and many other things. It is without a doubt that in the next 45 years, we will go through other transformations. Factors such as, Demographics, Immigration and The Lives of First Nations will surely alter.

IMMIGRATION IN CANADA

CURRENT

Everyone knows that Canada is a very diverse country. This is primarily because we allow immigrants from all over the world to come to our country. Canada lets in over 250,000 immigrants every year. Our net migration rate is 5.66 migrants/ 1000 population.

Some of the 250,000 immigrants that arrive in Canada are:


BUSINESS IMMIGRANTS: who move here to become part of the economy with their businesses.


PERMANENT RESIDENTS AND LANDED IMMIGRANTS who are essentially given the right to come to Canada.


REFUGEES who are escaping war and persecution.


ECONOMIC IMMGRANTS are people with experience in jobs or other things


SKILLED WORKERS much like economic immigrants they are accepted into Canada because of what they can bring into the economy.


FAMILY CLASS IMMIGRANTS are primarily grandparents, parents and spouses that are admitted into Canada because of their loved ones that live here.

IMMIGRANTS ARE MOSTLY COMING FROM THESE 3 COUNTRIES:

When immigrants arrive to Canada they tend to pick places like


  • ONTARIO
  • QUEBEC
  • ALBERTA
  • BRITISH COLUMBIA



These place are mostly picked because they are metropolitan areas. Immigrants have ease of mind immigrating there because they will know that they will have access to schools, jobs, religious sites etc..


These places are also already known to be popular amongst immigrants. Families or people of the same ethnicity may already live there and choose to immigrate to these places.

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FUTURE

Immigration rates in the future will be at an all time high. Much like in New Zealand people will eventually believe that there is no use of having kids. This will decrease the birthrate. Also, the baby boomers will be dead which would decrease the population by a drastic amount.


For Canada to compensate for the decrease in population there will be an increase in immigration. Canada will need support economically and most probably will bring in business immigrants, economic immigrants and skilled workers.

PULL FACTORS:

  • abundant source of natural resources
  • job availability


PUSH FACTORS:

  • wars
  • climate changes
  • higher costs of living

PROVINCE OF SETTLEMENT:

The most popular provinces that immigrants will settle in will continue to be Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and B.C. This is because these areas will develop and become even more sustaining.


There is a trend of settling primarily in the southern/lower parts of Canada. Thus, other provinces that immigrants might settle in is: Manitoba and Saskatchewan and possibly P.E.I. In the future, there will be a decline in natural resources but these places

have a sufficient amount that they will bring in a lot of money and support their population. For example, Manitoba has petroleum, fresh water, forestry and mines. Saskatchewan has excellent sources of potash, uranium and fossil fuels. P.E.I has fish and forestry.

DEMOGRAPHY IN CANADA

CURRENT

Demographically Canada is doing fairly well as a country.


POPULATION : 35,540,400 +/-

DEATHS : 256,721 (2013-2014)

BIRTHRATE : 377,636 (2011)

NET MIGRATION : 7.2/1000 people (2010)

POPULATION DENSITY : 3.5 persons/square kilometre (2006)

This population pyramid shows that Canada has :

  1. an ageing population
  2. equal distribution between females & males
  3. a slowly declining birthrate

FUTURE

In the future Canada's population will definitely begin to decline. Since the baby boomers have already died, next group of people who are currently 25-40 will begin to die. This next age groups' populations are very low. This means that the top of our population pyramid will be narrow.


Now birthrates in Canada are also going to decrease. The cost of living in the future will be much higher. This will be due to lack of natural resources. It can will also be due to the fact that people will be earning more so prices will go up. Raising a child will cost a huge amount of money. There will be no need for large families in 2060. New jobs will be created, these jobs will prevent people from having children.


A low death and a very low birthrate will put our country at a 5 on the demographic transition model. The declining population growth rate will not be good, in order to keep a steady economy we will need very high immigration rates.


The dependency load will not be very high as the elderly and child population will be low. This is a good thing as the money could be used for other things.


The emigration rate will decrease as Canada's abundant resources will make people want to stay.


The net migration rate will increase since immigration rates will increase and emigration rate will decrease. Low population calls for more immigration. While Canada's ability to support their citizens financially and physically will motivate people to stay.


The natural increase rate will be low as both death and birth rates will be low.

FIRST NATIONS IN CANADA

CURRENT

There are 3 types of Aboriginals in Canada

  • Métis
  • First Nations
  • Inuits


Amongst aboriginal women there is a high fertility rate. Although the infant morality rate is fairly high, (compared to Canada's rate) the Aboriginal population is drastically increasing. First nations make up about 4.3% of Canada's population.


In Canada there are both Status and Non-Status Aboriginals. A status Indian means that they are registered on the Indian Act. A non-status Indians like Métis and Inuit's are allowed to call themselves Indian but are not allowed to be registered on the Indian act.


First Nations are being treated badly. Underfunding for reserves leave money for the government to spend elsewhere. Access to clean water, proper bedding, food and education have all been limited.


It is hard for a First Nation to find employment this has resulted in poverty. 1/2 children living on reserves live in poverty.

FUTURE

In 2060, the government will realize the dire situation the first nations are in. Considering that nowadays the social media has been able to change the views of many people, eventually it will change the governments' too. Things like protests take place and will defiantly keep on taking place until the First Nations get what they want.


People like Wab Kinew and Theresa Spence are allowing the first nations voices to be heard. In the future there will be tons more people to stand up for these communities. The government will have to help answer to their needs. They will most likely fund education, housing and things that are currently issues now, more generously.


If the poverty line of aboriginal children goes down the population will stabilize. Their birth rate will also slowly decrease.

Fire crew didn't respond to fatal First Nation fire

In this video we can see that there are many people trying to help the aboriginal community. Changes that are being pushed now will be made in 2060 and better the lives of the Aboriginals

In 2060 my life will be very different from the one my parents are living right now.

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2060 Assignment by abc89388

Conclusion

In conclusion, Canada has a bright future awaiting itself. Demography and Immigration will both have an affect on each other in 2060. Canada will have a very low birthrate and this will become the foundation for high immigration. The First Nation's will also receive help from the government, this will slow down their birthrate and improve the overall condition of their community.

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Bibliography

1. "Country Comparison :: Net Migration Rate." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, .Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

2. "Invest in Manitoba." Natural Resources. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.

3. "Saskatchewan." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

4. "Emigration." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

5. Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

6. "Canadians in Context - Aboriginal Population." / Indicators of Well-being in Canada. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

7. News, CBC. "Child Poverty on First Nations Reserves." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 02 Dec. 2014. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

8. "Canada's Population Estimates: Age and Sex, 2014." Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

9. "Deaths, Estimates, by Province and Territory." Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

10. "Population." Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Earth Sciences Sector, Mapping Information Branch. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.