1491 - 1754
The beginning of United States History
Bartolome de Las Casas
Reasons For Growth of Slavery
Smuggling to Get Around Mercantilism
Juan De Sepulveda
- A Spaniard who studied in cradle of renaissance, became theologian, philosopher, historian, and astronomer
-A self-appointed champion of the interests of slavers and landowners, he had authored a treatise entitled “Concerning the Just Cause of the War against the Indians” (1547) to provide solid philosophical underpinnings for Spanish imperialism and just war theory
Enlightenment Thinkers (P.114)
René Descartes (1596–1650) - A French philosopher and scientist who revolutionized algebra and geometry and made the famous philosophical statement “I think, therefore I am.” Descartes developed a deductive approach to philosophy using math and logic that still remains a standard for problem solving.
Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) - American thinker, diplomat, and inventor who traveled frequently between the American colonies and Europe during the Enlightenment and facilitated an exchange of ideas between them. Franklin exerted profound influence on the formation of the new government of the United States, with a hand in both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727) - An English scholar and mathematician regarded as the father of physical science. Newton’s discoveries anchored the Scientific Revolution and set the stage for everything that followed in mathematics and physics.
Thomas Paine (1737–1809) - English-American political writer whose pamphlet Common Sense (1776) argued that the British colonies in America should rebel against the Crown. Paine’s work had profound influence on public sentiment during the American Revolution, which had begun just months earlier.
Maryland Acts of Toleration
Lord Baltimore persuaded the assembly to enact the Toleration Act (1649), which granted all Christians the right to follow their beliefs and hold church services. It was then passed on April 21, 1649.
This connects with the Protest Reformation movement, which began in 1517 with Martin Luther's provoking a division among Protestants from Catholics;They both have in common how their beliefs are welcomed and have services for it. However the Reformation also helped these beliefs become welcomed without disagreements from another faith due to the division created for different beliefs.
Natives contact with Europeans
Pg. 44, 56, 43, 42
Native’s bodies weren't immune to diseases such as smallpox, diphtheria, malaria, and yellow fever which Europe and Africa had carried over to North America, leading to major results of death. However, food such as maize, potatoes, manioc, sweet potatoes, and tomatoes increased the agriculture and population growth. Europeans brought cattle, swine, horses, oxen chickens, and honeybees, Eurasian grain crops, etc. In the process also practices began to reshape and form new religions leading to a New World.