Analyzing Abstract Concepts

By: Calli Hickman, Ximena Morales, and Gabriella Herrera


Definition: a preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.

Association: racism and hate

connotation: harm, injury, and hate(negative)

What does this concept mean to you? Prejudice means judging people for how they look, and assuming they're something that they are something that they're not. People can assume things that are false and can cause an uproar.

Examples of prejudice in To Kill a Mockingbird: You see prejudice in chapter 2 when Scout explains the Cunningham's situation. The kids judge him just because he is poor and doesn't have what he has. Also in chapter 2, you see how the whole town treats the Ewells. The sheriff gives them special treatment and allows them to hunt out of season. The town knows they are different so they leave them alone.

Examples of prejudice in our society: A big example of prejudice in our society is the belief that all muslims are terrorists. Another example is how all gay men are feminine and fruity. In a court room, a judge can not be prejudice because he/she could accuse someone of being guilty when they are not just because they may be different.

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Denotation: the ability to do something that frightens one.

Connotation: positive, brave, uplifting

Association: bravery, hero, dangerous

What does this concept mean to you? This concept means that you're someone who speaks or stands up for people or what you believe in. Courage means being brave in times of fear and danger. Also, it means that you do not care what people think about you because you know that what you're doing is right, so what others think is irrelevant.

What does this concept look like in To Kill A Mockingbird? In To Kill A Mockingbird, Scout stands up for Walter Cunningham and tries to explain to Miss Caroline that Walter is actually poor. From our knowledge of the novel and the foreshadowing shown, we can assume that the finches or someone else will stand up for someone of the African American race. We can already seen this shown when Atticus tries to defend Tom Robinson in the case of him "raping" a white woman.

What does this concept look like in our society? In our society, there are many examples of courage. We see courage in people standing up for what they believe in. Martin Luther King Jr. stood up for equal rights. The firefighters, police, and citizens who tried to help rescue the people stuck in the buildings on September 11, 2001.

Find a picture that you think embodies this word and give an explanation, what the picture represents, and why we chose it.

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This picture is of a man who is taking the leap (steps) forward to achieve something. The man doesn't know what the consequence or outcome will be. The imaginary stairs are not always there to hold him up and there is potential that he could fall and not make it all the way up. Although the man knows that he could die, he still wants to take the chance to try and speak up for what he believes in. We chose this picture because it does a great job of showing the courage that people have to take to achieve something that they believe in and the possibility that there could be a negative outcome.


Denotation: an act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; a duty or commitment

Connotation: negative feel. You have to do something you don't want to do

Association: mandatory, commitment, responsibility

What does this concept mean to you? This means that you are forced to do something that you do not want to do. Something where you feel the need to stand up for something you believe in. An obligation is something that is a driving force in your life. If you feel the need to do something, you will do it.

What does this concept mean in To Kill A Mockingbird? This concept in To Kill A Mockingbird is shown when Scout is obligated not to fight against people that speak badly about her dad.

What does this concept mean in our society? In out society, we see obligation in faith. People feel the need to stand up for there faith and speak out about what the believe in. We also see obligation in education. Kids don't always want to go to school but they feel the responsibility to attend because of legal issues.

Find a picture to represent this concept: This picture represents- the responsibility every kid takes on when attending school. Kids are obliged to perform high on these assignments. If, one fails to perform such obligations, it can lead to poor grades and throughout time a low GPA . Therefore, if every kid completes their obligations as instructed, good consequences will follow.

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Definition: lack of fairness or justice

Connotation: negative

Association: unfair, unequal, unrighteousness

What does this concept mean to you? Injustice means that it is not fair. Someone gets there way when it is not deserved or right. People can jump to conclusions and judge someone when they didn't actually do anything or deserve the punishment

What does this concept look like in To Kill A Mockingbird? Atticus stands up and defends Tom Robinson when he had no gain from protecting him, or no loss cause to fight for. He got a lot of hate and people not liking that he was standing up for a black man when he didn't deserve it because he was just trying to stand up for something right.

What does this concept look like in our society? A great injustice in our society is gender unequality. People in America do little to help women in other countries who are mistreated and uneducated. Women are seen as objects and they are not treated fairly.

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The women in this picture are seen with their mouths taped closed. The tape represents men, government, and societies that do not respect women. Women everywhere suffer injustices and people do little to stop it. We chose this image because it shows how people dont even give girls a chance to prove themselves in society. They are just shut up and pushed aside.