Nathan Stefan


A cardiologist is a doctor with special training and skill in finding, treating and preventing diseases of the heart and blood vessels. (cardiosmart paragraph1).Whether the cardiologist sees you in the office or in the hospital, he or she will review your medical history and perform a physical examination which may include checking your blood pressure, weight, heart, lungs, and blood vessels. Some problems may be diagnosed by your symptoms and the doctor’s findings when you are examined. You may need additional tests such as an ECG, x-ray, or blood test. Other problems will require more specialized testing. Your cardiologist may recommend lifestyle changes or medicine. Each patient’s case is unique. (cardiosmart Paragraph 8)

How are Cardiologists trained and become certified?

Cardiologists receive extensive education, including four years of medical school and three years of training in general internal medicine. After this, a cardiologist spends three or more years in specialized training. That’s ten or more years of training. In order to become certified, doctors who have completed a minimum of ten years of clinical and educational preparation must pass a rigorous two-day exam given by the American Board of Internal Medicine. This exam tests not only their knowledge and judgment, but also their ability to provide superior care.

Where Do Cardiologists Work?

They may work in single or group private practices. Many cardiologists with special teaching interests work in universities where their duties also include research and patient care. There are cardiologists on staff in the Veterans Administration hospitals and in the Armed Forces.


The median expected salary for a typical Physician - Cardiology - Invasive in the United States is $361,000. With more years of schooling it goes up.

Four major groups

Scientists usually refer to compounds that contain the element carbon as organic, although some carbon-containing compounds are not organic. Carbon is unique among other elements because it can bond in virtually limitless ways with elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and other carbon atoms. Every single living thing needs four types of organic compounds to survive -- carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins. Organisms encounter these fundamental compounds within their diets or may make them inside their bodies.

Works Cited