Caused by Abnormal Growth

Introduction to Dwarfism

Dwarfism occurs when a person is naturally shorter than the average height. It is caused due to abnormal growth rate or also delayed growth rate. Adults who suffer from this disorder are about 4 feet 10 inches in height.

Other Causes

  • Hypothyoridism is a situation in which the thyroid over grows.
  • Spondylopiphyseal dysplasia congenita is a rare disorder of bone growth.
  • Tuner syndrome occurs in females where one of the sex chromosomes is missing.
  • Pseudoachondroplasia is a type of short- limb dwarfism and is a genetic disorder.

Symptoms and Characteristics

The symptoms and characteristics of Dwarfism vary from person to person.

Some Symptoms and Characteristics

  • An average-size trunk
  • Short arms and legs, with particularly short upper arms and upper legs
  • Short fingers, often with a wide separation between the middle and ring fingers
  • Limited mobility at the elbows
  • A disproportionately large head, with a prominent forehead and a flattened bridge of the nose
  • Progressive development of bowed legs
  • Progressive development of swayed lower back
  • A short neck
  • Shortened arms and legs
  • Average-size hands and feet
  • Slightly flattened cheekbones
  • Hip deformities that result in thighbones turning inward
  • A foot that's twisted or out of shape
  • Progressive hunching curvature of the upper spine
  • Vision and hearing problems

Treating Dwarfism

There is no single treatement to Dwarfism, as bone growth disorders can be treated by surgery an example is a limb lengthning surgery. Some hormones can also be treated through medication and hormone replacement therapy. These treatments give the best results.

Now we all know the symptoms and causes of Dwarfism, and also how it can treated. We should spread our awareness to our society so that proper treatment can be given to those who suffer from this disorder.

Shayena Shah