The five W's of the Crusades
By: Jordan Nugent
Pope Urban II
France and Germany(roman catholics and muslin conquests)
The christians wanted to take back their holy land.
The crusaders took back the holy land from the muslims.
The second crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III and it was the first if the crusades to be led by european kings who's names were, Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany.
It started in 1145 and ended in 1149.
They marched across Europe and crossed through Byzantine territory into Anatolia.
It was started in the response of the fall of the County of Edessa.
The crusade in the east was a failure for the crusaders and a great victory for the Muslims.
The only success was the combined forces of 13,000 Flemish, Frisian, Norman, English, Scottish and German Crusaders. They traveled to England by ship to the Holy Land and helped smaller Portuguese armies in the capture of Lisbon.
Was attempted by European leaders Henry II of England and Phillip II of France.
Third Crusade and it was also known as "Kings' Crusade."
It started in 1189 and ended in 1192.
The army was led into Anatolia and went to the Holy land.
They wanted to conquer the Holy land from Saladin.
Saladin failed to defeat Richard in any military engagements, Richard finalized a treaty with Saladin by which Jerusalem would remain under Muslim control.