The five W's of the Crusades

By: Jordan Nugent

**First Crusade**

Who

Pope Urban II

What

First Crusade


When

1096-1099


Where

France and Germany(roman catholics and muslin conquests)


Why

The christians wanted to take back their holy land.


Result

The crusaders took back the holy land from the muslims.


**Second Crusade**

Who

The second crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III and it was the first if the crusades to be led by european kings who's names were, Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany.


What

Second crusade


When

It started in 1145 and ended in 1149.


Where

They marched across Europe and crossed through Byzantine territory into Anatolia.


Why

It was started in the response of the fall of the County of Edessa.


Result

The crusade in the east was a failure for the crusaders and a great victory for the Muslims.

The only success was the combined forces of 13,000 Flemish, Frisian, Norman, English, Scottish and German Crusaders. They traveled to England by ship to the Holy Land and helped smaller Portuguese armies in the capture of Lisbon.

**Third Crusade**

Who

Was attempted by European leaders Henry II of England and Phillip II of France.


What

Third Crusade and it was also known as "Kings' Crusade."


When

It started in 1189 and ended in 1192.


Where

The army was led into Anatolia and went to the Holy land.


Why

They wanted to conquer the Holy land from Saladin.


Result

Saladin failed to defeat Richard in any military engagements, Richard finalized a treaty with Saladin by which Jerusalem would remain under Muslim control.