The Caste System

By: Nick Occhionero and Kyle Thompson

System Overview

The Caste System was a pyramid social structure pioneered by the Aryans. This structure of classes was very rigid with leader and priests on top, warriors and kings next, merchants on the third level, and commoners and peasants at the bottom. There is an even lower level that contained the Untouchables, but they were not considered human and were not recognized as part of the system.


Brahmans, also spelled Brahmins, are the highest ranking social class in the caste system. Usually, Brahmans act as ministers or advisors. The classes have not changed much since the first settlers who were already divided into classes. Most Brahmans are strictly vegetarian. Also, Brahmans are not allowed to handle any impure materials such as leather, and are restrained from certain occupations such as plowing. They can, however, farm and cook for others as any class can eat food prepared by a Brahman.

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Life as a Brahmin

Brahmin's lived their life around agriculture. Many of them owned land for them to farm. Many of them today are becoming traders, bankers, or sculptors. The only priests from their town could be a Brahmin. The priests that were not Brahmin were frowned upon in their community. They were treated terribly by everyone else. They were called names and were just treated awful. They hated them because they were rich and focused a lot on religion.


Kshatriyas were the ruling and warrior class of the caste system. They were responsible for maintaining the political-cosmic order. They were to hold positions of political power and to wage war.

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Life as a Kshatriya

Kshatriyas would usually be fighting wars. They live in rich communities that they would have multiple lives and much more. They were a well-respected people.


Vaishyas are the class of the commoners. Vaishyas, like Brahmans and Kshatriyas are twice-born. They are the equivalent to the middle-class and are generally well respected. The class of the Vaishyas is used as a stepping stone to progress through the caste system.
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Life as a Vaishya

Lots of people in their community were vegetarians. They worshiped their God a lot, the majority of them practice their religion daily. Lots of people were bakers metal smiths and sheepherders.


The Sudras are the working-class of the Caste System. They are either self-employed farmer and laborers, or work for the upper three classes. Even being the lowest class in the traditional Caste System, they are higher than the Untouchables. The Sudras are able to enter most temples unlike the Untouchables and have a population in the hundreds of millions.
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Life as a Sudra

Sutras worked a lot, especially in rural areas. They are a huge part of the society. They work in farms and art treated nice at all, but still better then the untouchables.


The Untouchables were any groups of people that had impure jobs or duties, handled impure materials, or that were outside the Caste System. They had equivalent rights to African-Americans before the the Civil Rights movement. Eventually, the restrictions and discriminations towards them were banned, but some reminents of the hate still exists.
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Life as an Untouchable

Untouchables were treated terribly. They were not considered apart of the community. People would trash where they are call them bad names and more. Even in religion people said they were horrible. They were not aloud to enter any sacred buildings because they would ruin it. They lived basically no where and if they did it was a terrible looking place.