Executive Branch

By : Peter Faulkner

What is the Executive branch ?

The Executive branch consists of a President and a Vice President, they are in control of enforcing laws that this country sets in place.

Who is in it ?

In the Executive Branch there is a President- Barack Obama, Vice President- Joseph Biden, and the Cabinet. The Cabinet consists of the Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, Secretary of Defense, Attorney General, Secretary of Homeland Security, Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Interior.

What are the Requirements ?

To become the President you need to be the following :

1. 35 years old or older.

2. A resident of the United States for 14 years or more.

3. A natural born citizen.

To become Vice President you need to be the following :

1. 35 years old or older.

2. A resident of the United States for 14 years or more.

3. A natural born citizen.

How are they elected ?

1. A person announces his candidacy about 2 years before the election.

2. Primary Elections are held form February to June, prior to the General Election.

- Primary Elections happen in every state.

- NH was the first state to do a Primary Election.

- The purpose is to narrow down everyone to the top Democrat and Republican.

3. In August to September there is a Political Party National Convention.

- This is the OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT of the Presidential candidate and the Vice President candidate.

- Each party has their own Convention

4. The General Election is on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

- People vote for a President and Vice President.

- Must be 18 years old or older to be registered to vote.

5. In December, the Electoral College votes, (OFFICIAL vote for President).

6. In January the (Inauguration) takes place.

- When President take oath to office and becomes President.

What do they do ?

- The President works out treaties or agreements with other nations concerning trade and the aid that the United Stated gives to needy Countries.

- He appoints ambassadors to represent the United States in foreign countries.

- The Vice President acts like a presiding officer of the Senate.

- He also serves as the Ceremonial assistant of the President.

What are the Roles and Responsibilities ?

There are many roles of the President.

1. Chief of State - Someone who is the head of Government, an inspiration for the American People.

2. Chief Executive - He decides how the laws should be enforced, he chooses officials and advisers to help run the Executive Branch.

3. Chief Administrator - He is in charge of employing civilians.

4. Chief Diplomat - The main author of the American Foreign Policy.

5. Commander in Chief - In charge of the Armed forces, decides where troops will be sent and where ships will be stationed.

6. Chief Legislator - He may urge Congress to pass new laws or to veto them that they do not favor.

7. Party Chief - He helps members in his political party get elected or appointed to office.

8. Chief Citizen - He tries to help the economy run smoothly.

He is responsible for the execution and enforcement of laws created by the Congress.

The responsibilities for the Vice President is to become President if needed to, follows the rules of the President, and follows the order given from the President. He also advises the President.

Role in the Law making process ?

The Presidents role in the law making process is to pass or veto the law. Passing a law means that the law is now a final law. Vetoing a law means that the law is not getting passed, or it will get passed much later.


1. "Seven Roles for One President | Scholastic.com." Scholastic Teachers. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2015.

2."Congress for Kids: [Executive Branch]: The President's Job, Part II." Congress for Kids: [Executive Branch]: The President's Job, Part II. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2015.

3. Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2015.